如果表达过去的事情就需要用到一般过去时, 谓语动词用过去式, be 动词的过去式为： 单数 was 复数 were, 我用 was 你用 were 一般过去时不仅表示出生，也表示过去 的状态、特征、行为等。句子中常会出 现过去的时间状语如： yesterday/last week/2 years ago/in 2015
肯定否定 I was born in Beijing.I wasn’t born in Beijing. You were busy last week. You weren’t busy last week. 一般疑问特殊疑问 Was he ill yesterday?How was he? Were they born in 1998? When were they born? 谓语动词 be 构成的一般过去时句子结构
不规则动词的一般过去时的否定形式 We didn’t leave at nine o’clock in the morning. 我们不是早上 9 点钟离开的。 They didn’t swim in the swimming pool. They didn’t have a good time. 他们没在游泳池里游泳。他们玩得不开心。 any He didn’t write any postcards and didn’t send any any emails. 他没有写一些明信片，也没发一 some 要变成 any 些电子邮件。（注意： some 要变成 any ！）
一般疑问形式及其肯定与否定回答 ---Did you leave at nine o’clock in the morning? ---Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t. ---Did they swim in the swimming pool? ---Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t. 一般过去时态的特殊疑问句 ---What did he do last night? ---He watched a film. ---Where did you go last summer? ---I went to Sanya for my holiday. ---Who broke the window? ---Mark did it.
动词原形过去式动词原形过去式 boughtsatsat broughtdrove thoughtrode taughtrose caughtwrote beganwonwon swamfeltfelt drankswept sangtold gavesold buy bring think teach catch begin swim drink sing give sit drive ride rise write win feel sweep tell sell
动词原形过去式动词原形过去式 paidcame saidbecame knewput drewread flewlet brokemeant spokelearnt builtheard spenttook sentstood pay say know draw fly break speak build spend send come become put read let mean learn hear take stand
Lucky, lucky draw s go 点击开始按钮，幸运转盘启动。点击暂停按钮， 以指针对应的词语为例，用一般过去时态造句。 对应蓝色条所造句子为肯定句，对应黄色条则 应为否定句。
s go shopping get up play football watch TV wash clothes ride a horse read English run 开始 / 停止
Questionnaire QuestionsMy answersMy partner’s answer When were you born? I was born on/in… …was born on/in…
1.when / born? 2.where / born? 3.when / start school ？ 4.what school / go to when you were seven? When were you born ? Where were you born ? When did you start school? What school did you go to school when you were seven? 1.Write questions and fill in the questionnaire above.
5.ride / a bike / to school / when you were eight? 6.how / go to school / when you were eight? 7. who / play / with? 8.what games/play? 9.why / like /this game? 10.what sports / like? Did you ride a bike to school when you were eight? How did you go to school when you were eight? Who did you play with? What games did you play ? Why did you like this game? What sports did you like?
1.When were you born ? 2.Where were you born ? 3.When did you start school? I was born in Wenzhou. I was born in 2000. I started school at the age of seven. 2. Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions in Activity 1. --- When were you born? --- I was born twelve years ago.
4.What school did you go to school when you were seven? I studied in the No.1 Primary School. 5. Did you ride a bike to school when you were eight? No, I didn’t. I walked to school. 6. How did you go to school when you were eight? 7. Who did you play with? I played with my friend, Xiaoming.
8. What games did you play ? 9. Why did you like this game? 10. What sports did you like? We played “Flight chess”( 飞行棋 ). Because it is interesting. I like playing basketball. 3. Write your and your partner’s answers on your questionnaire.
Hans Christian Andersen was a famous writer of stories for children. He (1)_________ into a poor family in Denmark in 1805. His father (2) ______ when the boy was eleven. Hans (3) ______ a few jobs. Finally, at the age of fourteen, he (4) __________ to the capital of Denmark to work in the theatre. Then he (5)_______ on to study and later he (6)____________around Europe. be born become come die find go like move read travel try write was born died tried moved went travelled 4. Complete the passage.
His first book (7) ______out in 1822. He (8)_______ many stories for children, but older people also (9) ________ them interesting. Many of his stories (10) _________very famous, like The Ugly Duckling and The Little Match Girl. People still (11)_________ to read them today and they can (12) ______ them in many languages. came wrote found became like read be born become come die find go like move read travel try write 4. Complete the passage.
Seventy years ago, when my grandpa was young, life was very different. Grandpa(1) __________(listen) to music but he (2) ___________(not watch) TV. He (3) ___________(play) the piano but he (4) ____________(not play) computer games. He (5) _________(have) a telephone, but of course he (6) __________(not send ) emails. His family (7) ___________(not have) a car. listened didn’t watch played had didn’t play didn’t send didn’t have 5. Complete the passage with the correct form of the words.
He (8) _________( ride) his bike to school and he (9) _________(travel) by train when he went on holiday. He often (10)________ ( go)to the sea and (11) _________(swim) in the sea.He (12) ________(have) a camera, but it (13)________(not be ) a modern camera and he (14)____________( not take) colour photos. rode travelled went swam had wasn’t didn’t take 5. Complete the passage with the correct form of the words.
No talking.No running.No photos.No swimming. Now explain these signs with don’t. Don’t talk.Don’t run.Don’t take photos. Don’t swim. 6. Match the pictures with their meaning.
1)what 引导的感叹句 1.What + a/an ＋形＋单名＋主语 + 谓语！ What a nice day it is! 2. What ＋形容词＋复名＋主语＋谓语！ What beautiful flowers they are! 2) how 引导的感叹句 1. How ＋形容词＋主语＋谓语！ How careful she is! 2. How ＋副词＋主语＋谓语！ How happily the girls are playing!
How cold he is ! How sad he is! How angry he is!How poor the pig is! How+ 形容词 + 主谓 ！
What a happy elephant it is! How happy the elephant is! What a fat/thin man ! How fat/thin the man is! What (a)+ 形容词 + 名词 + 主谓！
What a lazy boy he is! What a hard-working girl she is! How careless you are! How careful she is! How carelessly you write! How carefully she writes! 副词与形容词在感叹句中的运用对比
How fast the horse runs! How fast the horses run! How terrible her eyes are! What a nervous girl ! How nervous the girl is! 单复数感叹句的对比
1. It is a nice present. _______ nice present it is! 2. It’s a fine day today. _______________ it is today! 3. They live a happy life today! _____________ life they live today! 4. It was wonderful music. __________________ it was! What a What a fine day What a happy What wonderful music 7. Rewrite the sentences with what.
1.The blues comes from America. It's_________, sad music. 2.Our music teacher can play _______ as well as traditional music. 3.We like pop music because it’s good ________. 4.Opera is a kind of play with __________. 5.This song is really ___________. I like it a lot. 6.This music makes me feel ___________. 8. Complete the sentences. beautiful fun modern music sad slow slow modern fun music beautiful sad
arm in arm kiss each other shake hands stand close People from different countries do things in different ways. In China, people usually (1) ___________ when they meet but in some countries, like Russia, people(2)_____________. People in the Middle East (3)____________ to each other, but people from the US don’t. Chinese girls often walk (4)____________ but people from Britain don’t touch each other very often. shake hands kiss each other stand close arm in arm 9. Complete the passage.
Henry, Hi! I’m on holiday in London with my friend Jenny.We(1)________by plane on Monday and (2) ________a taxi to our hotel in central London. I (3)_________for a walk in Hyde Park but Jenny was tired so she didn’t (4) ___________. Yesterday morning we first (5) __________ Big Ben and Buckingham Palace. Queen Elizabeth lives in the Palace, but we didn’t see her! arrived took went come 10. Complete the email. arrive buy come do go have look take visit visited
Then we (6) ________the British Museum and (7) __________ dinner in a Chinese restaurant. Today we went to Tower Bridge on the River Thames and (8)________at the city. It’s very big! This afternoon we(9) _________ some shopping. Jenny didn’t buy anything,but I (10 ) ___________ a present for you and I posted it just now. I hope you’ll like it! Say hello to your mum and dad. Emma visited had looked did bought 10. Complete the email. arrive buy come do go have look take visit
1.Tony went to London / Hong Kong. 2.It took four / five hours to get there. 3.Tony’s uncle / aunt met them at the airport. 4.Tony saw a big ship / a dragon boat. 5.Tony bought a present / some postcards for Lingling. 11. Listen and choose the correct answer.
A: where / go / on holiday? B: to the sea A:what / you / do ? B: swim in sea, eat in restaurant A: you / buy / presents? B: yes, / spend / lot of money 12. Write the conversation.
Where did you go on holiday? I went to the sea. Where did you do? I swam in the sea and ate in the restaurant. Yes, I spent a lot of money. Did you buy any presents?
13. Listen to the poem and read. There was a little girl By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow There was a little girl, Who had a little curl Right in the middle of her forehead. And when she was good, She was very, very good, But when she was bad, She was horrid! 可怕的
American music 1900--2000 African Americans added a lot to the history of music between 1900 and 2000. Blues, rock and rap are all important musical developments. The blues is sad, slow music from America. Blues musicians are often African Americans. Blues songs often tell sad stories because Africans in America had difficult lives.
Rock music comes from America too. It started in the 1950s. The slow, sad blues and American country music come together to make rock. It’s good for dancing. Blues musicians usually play alone, but rock musicians usually play together. Rap music comes from African American music. It first started in the 1970s when young African Americans played on the streets of New York City. Many people now think that the words of rap music are really poems. Rap is very important in pop music.
1. Where does blues music come from? 2. What kind of music is the blues? 3. Is rock good for dancing? 4.Which came first, rock music or the blues? 5. When did rock music begin? 6. Where did rap music start? 14. Now ask and answer. Blues music comes from America. The blues is sad, slow music. Yes, it is. The blues. In the 1950s. On the streets of New York City.
“Now, my little boys and girls,” said the teacher, “I want you to be very still--- that you can hear the pin drop.” For a minute all was still and a little boy shrieked out: “Let it drop!” 词语积累： still( 安静的 ) pin( 针 ) drop ( 掉下 ) shriek out ( 尖叫 )
1.Did you go to school from Monday to Friday? 2.Did anything interesting happen in school? 3.What did you learn in your favourite class? 4.Did you do sports at school? 5.What did you do last weekend? 15. Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions about what you did last week. Yes, I did. No, it didn’t. I learnt about English history. Yes, I did. I did some cleaning and did some shopping with my mother.
I went to school from Monday to Friday… 16. Write down your answers to Activity 15. 17. Put your sentences together. Use words like on Monday, and, so, but, because, first, next and finally. I went to school from Monday to Friday. On Tuesday afternoon we had a basketball match with Class 2 …
时态谓语动词形式 一般现在时动词原形 / 第三人称单数 (-es) 一般过去时过去式 ( 规则加 ed 与不规则 ) 一般将来时 be going to/will+ 动词原形 现在进行时 am/is/are+ 现在分词 (-ing) The babay cries every day. The baby cried last night. The baby is crying. The baby will cry tomorrow. 四种时态区别简表
Homework 1.Try to make sentences with different tenses. 2.Try to make different types of sentences and write them down. 3. Additional exercises.