时间状语从句 引导词 When While As Before After Since Until/till As soon as Once 名词短语引导的 其他引导时间状语从句的词
When 引导时间状语从句 I was very happy when I heard from you. Someone knocked at the door when I was sleeping. When you are crossing the street, you must be careful. 注意
He was working at the table when I went in. When he receives the letter, he’ll tell us. When I was young, I went to town myself. I worked for a foreign company when I was in Shanghai. 非延续性动词 延续性动词
While 引导的时间状语从句 — 强调一 段时间内 Please listen to me while I read. They rushed in while we are discussing problems. While she was on earth she met the herd boy Niulang and they fell in love. 状态 延续性动词
As 引导时间状语从句 The students took notes as they listened carefully. As I have grown older I have also grown smaller. As they landed, things began to disappear.
While 、 when 、 as 辨析 When 引导的从句可以用延续性 / 非延续性动词； while 和 as 引导的从句只能用延续 The phone rang just as I was leaving. Sorry,I was out when you called me. When 引导的从句谓语动词动作可以发生在主句的 动作之前或之后，也可同时发生，而 while 和 as 引 导的从句通常表示同时发生 When/as/while we were dancing, a stranger came in.( 同时 ) When I got to the station, the train had left. （前后）
Before 引导时间状语从句 We cleaned the classroom before we left school yesterday. It will not be long before you regret for what you’ve done. 另 He’d die before he apologizes to them. I’d give up the plan before I turn to him for help
It +be+ 一段时间 +before 从句 It won’t be long before we meet again. It was 3 years before he came back from abroad.
After 引导的时间状语从句 After you use plastic bags, you mustn’t throw them about. He called me after he had finished his work.
Till/until 引导的时间状语从句 I’ll stay here until you come back. You must remain here until I come back. She didn’t go to bed until she finished her homework. Don’t worry. We won’t set off until you arrive. 延续性动词 非延续性动词
句首 Until you told me the news, I had no idea of it. Not until the clock struck 12 did she realize she must go home at once. 不可以用 till 代换 主句需部分倒装
Since/ever since 引导的时间状语从句 He has written to me frequently since I was ill. 自从我病愈以来 He has written to me frequently since I fell ill. 自从我生病以来 状态动词 终止性动词
测试 I haven’t heard any noise since I slept. 常用句型 It is/has been + 时间段 +since 从句 It is/has been 6 years since she graduated from university.
一... 就的时间状语从句 As soon as, once,immediately,directly,instantly,the moment,no sooner…than …,hardly…when…
1 ） She may come as soon as she finishes the work. As soon as he heard the news,he jumped with joy.
2 ） I’ll give you an answer the moment I’ve finished reading your file. Because you are still weak, you should go to the doctor immediately you don’t feel well.
3)No sooner had I begun to talk than he rang off. Hardly had they arrived at the station when the train left.
名词性短语充当连词引导时间状语 从句 Any time,by the time,every/each time the first time. I thought her nice and honest the first time I met her. So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.
高考链接 （ 11 四川） As it reported, it is 100 years ___Qinghua University was founded. A.when B. before C. after D. since （ 09 重庆） Peter was so excited _______he received an invitation from his friend to visit Chongqing. A.where B. that C. why D. when （ 10 全国） Mary made coffee ___ her guests were finishing their meal. A. so that B. although C. while D. as if
条件状语从句 引导词 unless if On condition that Supposing/provided/given/provi ded that In case So/as long as once
条件状语从句 If If you ask him, he will he will help you. Unless You will fail to arrive there in time unless you start earlier. On condition (that) I can tell you the truth on condition that you promise to keep it a secret.
Supposing/provided/providing/given(that) Supposing (that) it rains, shall we continue the sports meeting? Providing/supposing/given/provided(that) you promise not to tell anyone eles, I’ll tell you the details.
In case In case he comes, tell him to wait a while. In case anything important happens, please call me up.
As/so long as So long as you’re happy, it doesn’t matter what you do. As/so long as we don’t lose heart, we’ll overcome any difficulty.
Once Once virtue is lost, all is lost. Once you show any fear, the dog will attack you.
高考链接 （ 10 上海） ___our manage objects to Tom's joining the club, we shall accept him as a member. A. Until B. Unless C If D. After (09 浙江 )The medicine works more effectively ______ you drink some hot water after taking it. A. asB. untilC. although D. if
让步状语从句 引导词 although though as Even if Even though while Whether…or not whatever No matter what/how/why
Though/although Although it’s raining, they are still working in the field. Short though it is, the article is very important.
Even though/even if Even if he is poor, she loves him.(he may be poor, yet she loves him.) Even though he is poor, she loves him.(he is poor, yet she loves him.)
as 位置 Child as/though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do. Object as you may, I’ll go. 表语，冠 词
while While I like the colour, I don’t like the shape. While I understand what you say, I can’t agree with you.
高考链接 (11 四川 )Frank insisted that he was not asleep___I had great difficulty in waking him up. A.whether B. although C. for D.so (08 全国 )The lawyer rarely wears anything other than jeans and a T-shirt ______ the season. A. whatever B. wherever C. whenever D. however
He is such a good teacher that we all respect him. These were such different questions that none of us could answer. We had such terrible weather that we couldn’t finish the work on time
高考链接 （ 08 四川） I haven’t seen Ann for ____ long that I’ve forgotten what she looks like. A.such B. very C. so D. too （ 07 上海） pop music is such an important part of society___ it has even influenced our language. A as B that C which D where
目的状语从句 引导词 So that, in order that, for fear that, in case that, for the purpose that, lest,
For fear that/in case/lest Take an umbrella with you lest/in case it should rain. We had a meeting and talked the matter face to face, for fear that there should be any misunderstanding.
高考链接 （ 11 山东） He had his camera ready ____he saw something that would make a good picture. A.even if B. if only C. in case D. so that (07 北京 ) Leave your key with a neighbor ___you lock yourself out one day. A ever since B even if C soon after D in case
原因状语从句 引导词： Because, as,since,for Now that, for the reason that, in that,seeing that
Because/since/as/for Because--- 语气最强，对应 why 问 ---why didn’t you come to my birthday party? ---because I was too busy. Since/as--- 原因明显，或已知事实 “ 既然 ” Since ‘life is a stage’, we are actually all actors and actresses. As he was in hurry, he left his bag home. For--- 对前分句加以解释或表示推断的原因 I stopped to rest, for I was very tired.
引导原因状语从句的短语 Now that you have come,you may as well stay. Seeing that he is inexperienced, he is not fit for the work. I often go to the concert for the simple reason that I love music. I like the city, but I prefer the country in that there’s fresher air.
高考链接 （ 08 江西） Animals suffered at the hands of Man ___ they were destroyed by people to make way for agricultural had to provide food for more people. A.in which B. for which C. so that D. in that （ 10 辽宁） The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair _______ he wanted to sit next to his wife. A ． although B ． unless C ． because D ． if
地点状语从句 引导词 Where,wherever Wherever he went he carried a notebook around with him, in which he wrote down his ideas. Jane stopped where a small crowed of men had gathered.
高考链接 （ 09 山东） The little girl who got lost decided to remain ____ she was and wait for her mother. A.where B. what C. how D. who (10 重庆 )Today, we will begin ________we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out. A. whenB. whereC. howD. what
比较状语从句 As…as, not so/as…as, than, the+ 比较级 …the+ 比较级 The more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you will take. The sooner you are back, the better it will be.
方式状语从句 引导词 as if, as though, as He looks as if/as though he had been hit by lightning. Do as you are told to, or you’ll be fired.
状语从句的省略 从属连词 + 名词 Though (he was) a young man, he has made several inventions. 从属连词 + 形容词 When (they are) ripe, the grapes will be delicious. He is a good man, though sometimes (he is)rather boring.
从属连词 + 副词 Once (you are) inside, begin to work. 从属连词 + 介词短语 When (you are) in doubt, please consult a dictionary. 从属连词 + 不定式 He cleared his throat as if (he wanted) to say something.
从属连词 + 动词 -ing 形式 But how can I listen carefully while taking notes. 从属连词 + 动词 -ed Don’t come in until (you are) asked to.
高考链接 09 年全国 2.10. All the dishes in this menu, _____ otherwise stated, will serve two to three people. A. as B. if C. though D. unless