Presentation on theme: "Surprises at the Studio. surprise n. a big surprise a pleasant surprise to one’s surprise in surprise n & v 惊奇地，惊讶地 When I entered the classroom, all."— Presentation transcript:
surprise n. a big surprise a pleasant surprise to one’s surprise in surprise n & v 惊奇地，惊讶地 When I entered the classroom, all the students looked up in surprise.
v. surprise sb/sth be surprised at sth be surprised to do His behaviour surprises me. (passive) 科学家们惊讶地发现在这个地区有如此多古城。 The scientists were surprised to find so many ancient towns in this area. I am surprised at his behaviour.
studio: at the studio radio: by radio( 通过无线电通讯 ), on the radio audio v.s. video
studio (n.) [pl.] studios 电视演播室 新闻演播室 舞蹈室 电影制片厂 录音棚 Television studio News studio Dance studio Film studio Recording studio
attend attend: be present at Vt. 出席，参加 –attend school, church, college –They had a quiet wedding only a few friends attended (it). attendance 出席，出席的人数； attention attentive/inattentive :be attentive to sth take part in join :join sb/ 组织 –join us, the army, the club,the party :join sb in (doing) sth –Mother joins (with) me in sending you our best wishes. participate in –participate in a discussion, meeting
Five minutes until we start… Five minutes until … = There is five minutes until… 时间、金钱、距离、度量衡作主语时，不管其本身的 单复数形式如何，其谓语动词都是单数形式。 Ten years ____ passed since we met last time. There __ 20 miles from here to the nearest town. One million yuan ___ not a large sum for this wealthy family. has is is
Contestant (n.) [C] a person who takes part in a competition There are 50 contestants from all parts of the country in this dancing competition. Contest (n.) [C] a competition 组织比赛；举行比赛 参加比赛；赢得比赛；比赛失利 Contest (v.) compete contest (for) sth./against sth./with sb. = compete for sth./against sth./with sb.
Whisper To speak in a low voice She whispered the news to me in my ear. =She told me the news in a whisper. It’s whispered that he’s married.
must feel worried 情态动词表推测 现在 / 将来 ( 进行式 ) 过去 肯定 猜测 否定 猜测 疑问 猜测 must/ may/ might domust/ may/might have done can’t do can’t/couldn’t have done Can… do…? Can/Could … have done…?
You must be hungry after your long walk. You must be Mr Smith. I was told to expect you. She must be having a lot of problems with the language. That can't be Mary. she's in hospital. There's someone outside. Who can it be? He must have known what she wanted. We must have read the same report. He can't have slept through all that noise. My father must be at home because the light in his bedroom is on. My parents can’t be at home because no one answers the telephone. He may have arrived here. I saw him one minute ago.
1. ---Where is my reference book? It was here a moment ago. ---Someone _____ it by mistake. A. could have taken B. must take C. might take D. must have taken 2. He must have missed the train, ___ he? A. mustn’t B. didn’t C. needn’t D. hasn’t 3. He must have missed the train yesterday, _ he? A. mustn’t B. didn’t C. needn’t D. hasn’t must 表示猜测是，后面若有反意疑问句，助动词不用 must ，跟 must 后的动词。 出现 must have done 时，如果没有时间状语用 haven’t/hasn’t sb?; 如果有时间状语，根据时间状语决定，多为 didn’t 。
1. They must feel really worried now, ____? 2. My father must be at home, ____? 3. My parents can’t have been in Paris 3 days ago, ____? 4. He may have arrived here, ____? 5. He could have stayed at home last night, ____? don’t they isn’t he were they hasn’t he didn’t he
1.You ____________ (be) to Beijing before, for you are so familiar with it. 2.Mary had some difficulty in finding the drugstore. She __________________ (not be) there before. 3.She didn’t answer the phone. She __________________(sleep). 4.He ______________(have) his supper now, for the dining hall is still closed. 5.The little girl’s eyes were red. She __________________(cry). must have been can’t / couldn’t have been must have been sleeping can’t be having must have been crying
were sitting at their desk…, waiting. 非谓语动词做伴随状语 他安静的坐在路边，看书。 He sat quietly by the road, reading books. 他安静的坐在路边，等着被父母接走。 …, waiting to be picked up by his parents.
across prep. 1. 横越, 穿过 我们穿过马路。 We walked across the street. 2. 在... 那边 他两眼一直盯着坐在桌子对面的那个英国人。 He stared at the Englishman across the table. 3. 与... 相交叉 The two lines cut across each other. 两条线相互交叉。 adv. 在对面 ; 向对面 你能跳过去吗 ? Can you jump across?
v. pass out, lose one’s consciousness e.g. On climbing onto the top of the mountain, she fainted. adj. e.g. The sounds of music grew fainter in the distance. I could see faint blue stain on his white shirt. He felt faint for lack of food. not clear weak faint
把 …… 扶起 帮助 …… 摆脱困境 help the woman off the stage help…away help…up I accidentally saw a little girl on the ground, and helped her up at once. help…out 帮助 …… 离开（ prep. ）
e.g. I should now thank my best friends who helped me out when I was in trouble last year. help (to) do sth help sb with sth help oneself to sth turn to sb for help
opposite adj. 1. 相反的, 对立的 在这个问题上他们持相反的观点。 They have opposite views on the question. 2. 对面的, 相对的 [(+to)] 他的店在我的对面。 His store is opposite to mine. 他住在我对面。 He lives opposite to me. 街的对面有个花园。 There was a garden on the opposite side of the street.
n. 1. 对立面 ; 对立物 我的看法正好于他相反。 My view is the very opposite of his. 杰克能体贴人, 而他妻子恰恰相反。 Jack is considerate; his wife is just the opposite. 黑色的相反是白色。 Black is the opposite of white.
prep. 1. 在... 对面 邮局在银行对面。 The post office is opposite the bank. ad. 1. 在对面, 在对过 他们面对面坐在草坪上。 They sat opposite on the lawn.
the control room control Vt. / n. –under control 被控制住了 ; bring/keep/ get sth under control Her voice is under control, but she is almost shaking with anger. You must get your spending under control. The fire has been brought under control. Don't worry; everything's under control. –in control (of…) 控制，掌管 –in the control of … 被 … 控制、掌管 I felt calm and in control. Enemy forces are in/ control of the city. The city is in/under the control of enemy forces. –take control of/ over sth Students are encouraged to take control of their own learning, rather than just depending on the teacher. –lose control of/ over sth Too much drinking can make you lose control of your own life. the TV remote control 把 … 控制住
Seat seat sb/oneself Vt. 坐下。 Sit down. Seat yourself. Be seated. Take a seat. 让这个男孩坐在他哥哥边上。 Seat the boy next to his brother. 坐在角落里的女孩 a girl (who is) sitting/seated in the corner
make-up artist make up / make sb up e.g. She spent an hour making herself up before the party. make-up 化妆品 The story is completely made up, so we cannot believe it. You must make up the time you wasted this afternoon by working late tonight. Animal bodies are made up of cells. invent sth 捏造，编造 replace 弥补，补偿 由 …… 组成
rush v. e.g. The children rushed out of school when they heard the bell ring. Don’t rush; take your time. Ambulances rushed the injured to hospital. n. in rush hours The tide comes in with a sudden rush here. vt. do sth in a hurry rush sb/sth to sp
in the audience 250 个观众 –an audience of 250 business people –An audience of millions watched the victory speech of Obama. The audience was/were crazy on the opening night of the play.
It is time for … 1. It is time for bed/lunch/school/class… 2. It is time (for sb) to do sth It is time (for you) to go to bed/have lunch/go to school/have class… 3. It is (high) time that… did / should do （从句使用虚拟语气） It is time that we had our lunch. 我们现在该去看篮球赛了。 It is (high) time that we watched the basketball match now.
Lester Li came running out He came hurrying to see her as soon as he heard she was ill. The children came running to meet us. The rain came pouring down.
(be) ahead of …( prep.) London is about five hours ahead of New York. Leonardo da Vinci was not accepted by the general public when he was alive because he was ahead of his times. Directly ahead of us is the royal palace. 空间上比 …… 早，前 面 时间上比 …… 早， 前面
the other two contestants 另外两名选手 the other two contestants another two contestants two other contestants 别人 other people others 区别 the other people the others 特指 不特指，不明确是谁 Some people prefer red while others/other people like green better. Among the people surveyed, some preferred red while the others/the other people like green better. ? other 的位置和词性？
had beaten the other contestants beat beat beaten beat sb defeat defeated defeated defeat sb win won won win sth –Our team was easily beaten. –The enemy was defeated in a decisive battle. –He has been defeated at chess. –win the game beat –Somebody was beating at the door. –Who's beating the drum? –The waves were beating on the shore. –He's alive his heart is still beating. –The woman had been beaten to death by her husband. （连续的）敲打 有节奏的打击 打，揍
Our team was easily ________________ in yesterday’s final. We are determined to ____ the World Cup. beaten / defeated win
keep still adj. （几乎）不动或无声的 ; 静止的 ; 寂静的 : –still water –Still waters run deep. –Please keep/stay/hold/sit/stand still while I take your photograph. keep getting the questions right keep eating, laughing, smiling, walking keep doing keep on doing I told him that I didn’t like him, but he kept on sending me flowers. She kept on working although she was tired.
Practice 他一定是很累了，因为他已经几乎抬不起头。 (must, hold …up ) He must be very tired because he can hardly hold his head up. 经理要求每个人都要提前完成任务。 (ahead of) The manager demanded that everyone (should) finish the task ahead of time. 二十万元已经投入到这座桥的建设中。 Two hundred thousand yuan has been put into the construction of the bridge.