Presentation on theme: "定语从句 用作定语的从句叫定语从句。定语从句所修饰的 名（代）词叫作先行词。定语从句一般紧跟在先 行词的后面。 1. The students (who don’t study hard) will not pass 先行词 定语从句 the exam. 主句 : The students will."— Presentation transcript:
定语从句 用作定语的从句叫定语从句。定语从句所修饰的 名（代）词叫作先行词。定语从句一般紧跟在先 行词的后面。 1. The students (who don’t study hard) will not pass 先行词 定语从句 the exam. 主句 : The students will not pass the exam. 2. The woman (whom you saw in the park) is our 先行词 定语从句 English teacher. 主句 : The woman is our English teacher. 从句的主语： you 从句的宾语： whom
3. A shoe shop is a shop (which sells shoes). 主句： A shoe shop is a shop. 从句的主语 : which 4. The book (that you want) is on the desk. 主句 从句的主语 : 从句的宾语： The book is on the desk. youthat 引导定语从句的关系代词常见的有 that, which,who whom 等。关系代词放在先行词和定语从句之间， 起连接作用，同时又作定语从句的一个成份。 The man (that/who told us a funny story) is in the next room. 主语 I lost the book(( that/which ) you gave me). 宾语
归纳： that, 即指人又指物，作主语或宾语。 which, 指物，作主语或宾语。 who, whom 指人,who 作主语,whom 作宾语。 that,which,whom 在定语从句中作宾语时，可省去。 1) A plane is a machine ________________ can fly. 2) The car _______________________ my uncle bought last week was stolen. 3) The students ________________ don’t study hard will not pass the exam. 4) The woman ___________________ you saw in the park is our English teacher. 5) He talked happily about the men and books____ __________ interested him greatly in the school. which/that which/that/ / / who/that whom/that/ / / that
1. That book that you want it is on the desk. 2. Is this factory that we visited last week? the one This factory is the one that we visited last week? 3. He is the person for whom you are looking. for 4. The person to whom you talked is Lily. The person whom you talked to is Lily. 归纳： 1 定语从句要避免成分重复 2 定语从句要避免漏用先行词 3 含有介词的短语动词一般不拆开
Join two sentences into one: The boy is my brother. He helped me. 1. The boy who helped me is my brother. The film is interesting. They saw it last night. 2. The film they saw last night is interesting. The students will not pass the exam. They don’t work hard. 3.The students who don’t work hard will not pass the exam.
Fill in the blanks. 1. I still remember the day _________ we spent in the forest. 2. I still remember the day ____________ I first came to Beijing. 3. The factory _________ we will visit is large. 4. The factory ___________ his father works is large. 5. I’ll never forget the time _____________ we work on the farm. 6. This is the house ____________ we lived last year. that/which when/on which that/which where when/at which where/in which 归纳 : 关系副词 when 指时间, 关系副词 where 指地点, 在定语从句中作状语。即使先行词是时间地点, 若 作从句中的宾语，只能用关系代词 that, which.
Fill in the gaps: 1.The terrible typhoon killed the people and cattle _______ were in the fields. 2.The wind blew down the tallest tree _______ is in front of our school gate. 3.This is the very thing ______ I was looking for. 4.This is the second novel ______ I have ever read. 5.There is nothing in the world _______ can frighten me. 6.Who is the man _______ is reading under the tree? that that// that
以下情况只能用 that 1 先行词既有指人又有指物 2 当先行词前有序数词或形容词最高级时，有 the only,the very 等修饰时 3 先行词是 all, much, anything, something, nothing 等不定代词 4 主句是以 who/which 开头的特殊疑问句时 5 当先行词在定语从句中作表语时
Corrections: 1. The man just said hello to me is my chemistry teacher. who 2. Who is the comrade you just shook hands with him. 3. Egypt is a country where is famous for its pyramids. ( where which) 4. This is the best dictionary which I have ever used. ( which that) 5. The house where we live in is not very large. ( where which/that) 6. The house that it was built in 1970 stayed up in the earthquake.
“ 介词＋关系代词 ” 即 “ 介词＋ whom/which” 引 导定语从句应注意： 1 介词的选用至少要考虑以下的两个因素 A. 与先行词的搭配关系 1 ） I will never forget the day _____________ I joined the army. 2) I will never forget the days ____________ I worked in the school. 3) I will never forget the year ____________ my son went to college. 4) I got home at 7:00 p.m. yesterday, ____________ most people had had supper. on which during which in which by which
B. 与谓语动词的搭配习惯 1 ） Have you found the book ____________ I paid 29 US dollars? 2) Have you found the book _____________ I spent 29 US dollars? 3) Have you found the book _____________ we learnt a lot? 4) Have you found the book ____________ she often talks? for which on which from which about which
2. “ 介词＋ whom/which” 与 “whom/which/that/… ＋介词 ” 的转换。 1 ） The chair on which she is sitting is made of wood. The chair (which/that) she is sitting on is made of wood. 2) Is this the book which you are looking for? 介词 for 不能与 look 分开。 3. the way 作先行词 1) The way (in which/that) he looks at the problems is wrong.
4. 表所有关系及整体中的一部分或全部时，用介 词 of, 有时可用 whose 转换。 1) There are 100 teachers in our school, __________ 60 are women teachers. 2) He has three children, two ___________ work as teachers. 3) That table has four legs, all _____________ are very short. 4) I’m painting a house, the roof _____________ is round. I’m painting a house whose roof is... 5) They live in a house,_________ windows face south. They live in a house, the windows_____ _________ face south. of whom of which whose of which
用介词＋关系代词填空 1 The boy was staying in the room ___________ window he could climb down. 2. He’s the man ____________ I learnt the news. 3. Who’s the comrade ____________ you just shook hands. 4. There are 52 students in our class, ___________ nearly 40 are League members. 5. I know a lady the husband ____________ is a Nobel Prize winner. 6. Do you know the driver who caused the traffic accident ____________ a man was killed. 7. This is the way __________ she studies English. through whose from whom with whom of whom in which
8. The 5 yuan_____________ he bought the book was given by his friend. 9. The story about Shakespeare, _________ this is one example, is well written. 10. The old man always wears his glasses _________ _________ he can’t see anything. 11.The key_________ she was opening the door broke. 12. The library ___________ we often go on Sundays is not far from our school. 13. No one know the reason _____________ she is leaving so early. 14. At last they came to a river _____________ a new bridge is being built. for which of which without which with which to which for which over which
关系代词引导的定语从句： Complete the following sentences: 1. Is this the school _____________ you visited last year? Is this school ______ _____ you visited last year? 2. He is one of the students who _____ good at maths. He is the only one of the students who _____ good at maths. 3. The girl _____ I think was honest lied to me. The girl ______ I think to be honest lied to me. 4. China is no longer _______ she was 10 years ago. China is no longer the country ______ she was 10 years ago. (that/which) the one are is who whom what that
5. The radio I bought yesterday is quite different from ______ ______ you bought last month. The radio I bought yesterday is quite different from ______ you bought last month. 6. Do you still remember the hotel ____ ______ we lived last summer holiday? Do you still remember the park ___________we visited last summer holiday? 7. This is the room ____________ my grandmother used to lived in. This is the room ______ ______ my grandmother used to lived. the one what in which (that/which) (which/that) in which
8. He has two sons, and both of _____ work as actors. He has two sons, both of _____ work as actors. 9.China has hundreds of islands, ____ _____ Taiwan is the largest. China has hundreds of islands, the largest_____ _______ is Taiwan. 10.This is the house _____ _____ the window was broken yesterday. This is the house _______ window was broken yesterday. 11.He is the teacher _____ ______ help we have made great progress. them whom of which of which of which whose with whose