结构： A. 陈述句： 主语 + am/is/are +being+ 过去分词 B. 疑问句： 疑问词 + am/is/are+ 主 +being+ 过去 分词
用法： 表示说话人说话时或现阶段正在 进行的动作，经常和时间副词 now( 现 在 ), right now ( 现在, 此刻 ), at present ( 现在, 目前 ), at this moment( 此刻 ) 连 用。
意义： 主语和谓语动词之间是被动关系, 而且 动作正在进行。 ----English is being taught by miss Lee now. ----New functions are being added to the camera at present.
The Tense of the The Passive Voice 1. Present passive voice: am/is/are + p.p. The Olympic Games are usually held in big cities. 2. Past passive voice: was/were+ p.p. The last Olympic Games were held in Athens.
3. Future passive voice: will/shall+ be+ p.p. The 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing. am/is/are+ going to be+ p.p. The 29th Olympic Games are going to be held in Beijing in 2008.
am/is/are+ to be+ p.p. The 29th Olympic Games are to be held in Beijing in 2008. 4. Present continuous passive voice: am/is/are+ being+ p.p. --Why it is so noisy out there? --Oh, it’s because the road is being repaired.
5. Perfect passive voice: have /has+ been + p.p. The Olympic Games have been held 28 times. 现在进行时的被动语态 :am/is/are + being done 1) 表示说话时正在进行的一个被动动 作, 强调主语是动作的承受者
瞧！那个婴儿正由他的姑姑照料着 。 Look! The baby is being taken care of by her aunt. 2) 表示这一段时间正在进行的一个被 动的动作。 这一阵子许多讲座正在举行。 Many speeches are being held these days.
3) 表示按计划或安排将要进行的一个 被动动作 今晚将要进行一场圣诞晚会。 A party is being held tonight. ① be + under / in +n. 的结构可以表示 现在进行时的被动语态的含义。
The problem is under discussion now. = The problem is being discussed now. The telephone is in use. = The telephone is being used.
② 一些表示 “ 心理活动, 拥有, 存在 ” 等动 词, 一般不用现在进行时的被动语态, 而用一般现在时的被动语态。 Joe, come here. You are wanted on the phone.
1.I don’t know what time it is now. My watch _____. A. is repairing B. has been repaired C. is being repaired D. has repaired 2. A new stadium ___here. They hope to finish it next week. A. will be built B. is built C. is being built D. is building
3. The patient __ now. He will come out soon. A. is examined B. is being examined C. is examining D. has examined 4. Have you moved into the new house? Not yet, the rooms _________. A. are being painted B. are painting C. are painted D. are being painting
5. Look! Everything here is under construction. What’s the pretty small house that __for? A. is being built B. having been built C. is built D. is building 6. Do you like the material? Yes, it ___very soft. A. is feeling B. felt C. feels D. is felt
7. John ____, for he went swimming yesterday without permission. A. would punish B. had punished C. was punished D. punished 8. If rubber __, it gives off a terrible smell. A. burnt B. will burn C. have been burned D. is burned
9. This book ___ under the bench for two days. A. has put B. has been lying C. has been put D. has been laid 10. What should ___ must ___. A. do; do B. be done; be done C. to be done; do D. do; be done
11. He ___ and was made to repeat it. A. was not understood B. didn’t understood C. wasn’t understand D. didn’t understand
12. I still don’t know what ___ while I was away. A. has happened B. was happened C. happened D. had happened
13. The bridge which ___ last year ___ really beautiful. A. was built; looks B. was building; looks C. was built; is looked D. was building; is looked
14. Water ___ at 100 ℃. A. boils B. is boiled C. has been boiled D. has boiled 15. The manager told me that he ___ in 1975. A. has born B. born C. was born D. had born
16. The camera you ___ now ___ to me. A. use; is belonged B. are using; is belonged C. use; is belonging D. are using; belongs
17. I ___ that they ___ a new machine. A. was told; were designing B. told; were designing C. was told; designing D. told; had designed
1.A new cinema ____ here. They hope to finish it next month. A. will be built B. is built C. has been built D. is being built 高考链接
解析 : 由 they hope to finish it next month, 可以知道 “ 建造 ” 工作正 在进行, 而且主语 cinema 与动 词 build 之间是被动关系, 因此 使用现在进行时的被动语态。
2. Rainforests __ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future. A. cut B. are being cut C. are cut D. had been cut
解析 : 从句子的语境 they will disappear from the earth in the near future 可以知道, “ 热带雨 林被砍伐 ” 正在进行, 因此使用 现在进行时的被动语态。
完成下面的句子。 1. The news ____________ ( 被讨论 ) about everywhere. 2. A lot of tall buildings ___________ ( 建立 ), and people will move in next year. is being talked are being set
3. Most of the streets in the city has been widened and many new buildings _______________. ( 重建 ) are being rebuilt
用现在进行时的被动语态改写下列句子。 1.She is teaching the boy English. 2. Now he is making the girl water the tree. Now the girl is being made to water the tree (by him) ． The boy is being taught English (by her) ．
3. They are writing a report about the negative effects of cell phones in school ． 4. She is making Tom a new coat ． 5. We are painting our classroom now. A report about the negative effects of cell phones in school is being written (by them) ． A new coat is being made for Tom ． Our classroom is being painted (by us) now.