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HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. ( 后天免疫缺损综合症) What is a virus ? Can you name some viruses? A.

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Presentation on theme: "HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. ( 后天免疫缺损综合症) What is a virus ? Can you name some viruses? A."— Presentation transcript:

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3 HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. ( 后天免疫缺损综合症) What is a virus ? Can you name some viruses? A virus is a very small living thing that causes disease. Such as SARS virus, bird flu virus and flu virus.

4 艾滋病的起源 20 世纪下半叶,大约是在 70 年代末期,医生们开始 碰到一些奇怪的病例,这些病人尽管曾是十分健康 的,但患病后全身的免疫系统几乎完全崩溃,所有 的医疗手段也不能挽救他们的生命。 在 1980 年 10 月到 1981 年 5 月期间,先后发现 5 例病例, 患者均为男性同性恋者。 艾滋病的英文简称为 AIDS ,国内 1986 年以前音译 为 “ 爱滋病 ” ,后来考虑到该命名会引起人们的误解, 以为此病只是通过性途径传播而忽视了其他传播途 径,故改名为 “ 艾滋病 ” 。

5 全球艾滋病感染者达 4200 万 一天夺命 8000, 过去的 2003 年里,全球有 300 万人死于艾滋病,另有 500 万 人新感染上艾滋病. 据联合国儿童基金会提供的资 料显示, 2002 年非洲大约有 200 万成年人死于艾滋 病。到 2002 年底,非洲有 2900 万艾滋病感染者和患 者,其中近 1000 万人为 15 岁至 24 岁的青少年,近 300 万人是不足 15 岁的儿童。 亚洲则是艾滋病泛滥的第二大陆,艾滋病病毒感染 者人数已达到 740 万,其中 100 多万为近一年来新增 病例,死亡 50 万人。印度的状况相对严重,新增病 例达 30 万,病毒感染者有 300 多万。

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11 Q1 :How does HIV affect people’s health? HIV virus weakens a person’s immune system, and eventually it damages the immune system so much that the body can no longer fight against disease.

12 Q2:What is the difference between AIDS and HIV ? HIV is a virus, while AIDS is the stage of the illness caused by HIV.

13 AIDS Incurable?! Incurable?! Q3. Is there a cure for AIDS and HIV at the moment ?

14 ■ Medical studies show that the AIDS virus cannot be transmitted via the following routes: cups, glasses, toilet seats, swimming pools, mosquitoes, other insects. ■ So it’s safe to be friends with AIDS patients.

15 True or False : 1.It is dangerous to get close to a person with AIDS. 2.It is very likely that you will die if you become infected with HIV. 3.You can only get HIV from injecting drugs. 4.Evidence shows that men get AIDS more easily than women. 5.It could be dangerous to have sex without using a condom. 6.If blood or sexual fluids infected with HIV get into someone’s body that person could become infected too. 7.You should not hug a person with HIV/AIDS. 8.It is easy to tell when a person has HIV/AIDS. F T F F T T F F

16 来得及的明天 想要飞翔因为强壮的翅膀 花朵盛开因为无忧的成长 什么让翅膀变强壮 让花开放 为何有些小鸟来不及飞翔 为何有些花朵等不及开放 孩子你为何流泪啦 为何眼中有惊慌 天空因为飞鸟变得更宽广 大地因为花开传递着芬芳 每个孩子都该无忧地成长 带着希望而芬芳 带着我们爱成长


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