21 Summary:1.Hemoptysis is the expectoration of blood that originates below the vocal cord.2.The causes of hemoptysis: The major causes are respiratory and cardiacvascular diseases.3.Differentitation of hemoptysis and hematemesis.
22 Differentitation of hemoptysis and hematemesis Hemoptysis hematemesisHistory respiratory diseases indigestionPresymotoms chesttightness,cough nausea,vomitingColor bright red dark red or brownContents frothy expectoration food particlesPH alkalinePH acid reactionHematochezia no yesPostproduction stained for days noConfirmed bronchoscopy gastroscopy
40 Summary1. Haemtemesis is the vomiting of fresh(bright red)or altered(coffee ground) blood. It is due to bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal(GI)tract of more than 100 ml of blood.2. Caurses of haematemesis includes the following:① Ruptured oesophageal varices② Peptic ulcer disease③ Erosive gastritis and so on.3. Differentitation of hemoptysis and hematemesis