8 剝奪觀點(deprivation) 剝奪觀點(deprivation)－區域與階級(1950年代以後) 由Stouffer, Samuel A. 在The American Soldier一書1950所創相對剝奪觀點而來物質的剝奪(material deprivation)生理的剝奪(physical deprivation)心理的剝奪(psychological deprivation)社會的剝奪(social deprivation)
31 Amelia’s story as told to a friend Leaving home at 16, I spent most of my time trying to find a place to live and ends meet. I relied on shoplifting and my friends to survive. At 17 I met a man who was 27. We lived together; when I became pregnant, things began to change. He became violent towards me.I was placed in a hostel for mothers with children, I wasn’t very happy at the hostel, I disliked the racist calling- no one in charge did anything about it. Drugs were easily available. I tried heroin. My baby was born three months prematurely. While he was in hospital he nearly died, I was really frightened. I visited him every day for the two months he was in hospital. I kept asking social work help. I needed money to travel to and from the hospital and I needed someone to talk to. The nurses asked for help for me. I never got any.
32 Amelia’s story as told to a friend I returned to the hostel, with my son. He became ill. I took drugs to help me to stay awake so that I could look after him. Everything seemed too much. When he was in hospital I told one of the nurses that I had ‘tapped’ him when he would not stop screaming. They told social services. So when I tried to leave the hospital with him I was stopped. My son was placed in respite care for a couple of weeks. I was told that I could have him back when I felt better.When I wanted him back they said that they had to do an assessment to see if I was able to care for him. I began to scream and shout. I begged them to give my baby back, but they placed him with white foster carers; I did not agree, but there were no black foster carers. I aw him every day.
33 Amelia’s story as told to a friend It was decided that I needed to have a psychological and psychiatric assessment. I felt that I needed someone to talk to. I know I am not mad. The social workers spent time with me and wrote a report saying. I should have my son back. My son was put on a supervision order for a year.I moved into a new house. I told my social worker that I really did not feel ready to live on my own. The social worker arranged for a childminder two days a week and a home help. I wanted a nursery place.I was lonely in the new house. I went out a lot. I told someone I knew that I had tried six months ealier, while on drugs, to harm my son. She said we should tell the social services and they would help me sort it all out. I agreed, they took my son into care again.
34 Amelia’s story as told to a friend A month went by. They were trying to find a place where I could live with my son and get the help I needed. They never really told me anything. I felt very frustrated. It was hard being without my son.One day, after access, I did not return my son to the carer. I kept him overnight, they found me the next morning. They took him away. Now I can only see him for two hours a day at the foster carers and at weekends.
35 Amelia’s story as told to a friend I cannot think straight. I cannot be upset or depressed as this would go against me. All the time I was capable of looking after my son and that they were working on us being together. They knew I loved and wanted him very much. But now they have told me that they have plans for adoption. I am so angry and frightened, but I cannot be angry or this would upset the workers. My son has had so many changes.I am not sure what to think or do. Should I start thinking about when I will not have him? I know that I need someone to talk to about all the things that have happened to me. But I cannot do this without my son. Why do they need to take him away when I know I can look after him with help. I do not know how I can fight any of this.
36 案例Amelia’s story as told to a friend. --I needed someone to talk to(3 times). I am not mad.--I never got any.--I ‘tapped’ him when he would not stop screaming.--They never really told me anything.--I can not be upset or depressed as this would go against me.--I can look after him with help.--I do not know how I can fight any of this.