Presentation on theme: "Been During the Vacation？"— Presentation transcript:
1 Been During the Vacation？ Unit Where Have YouBeen During the Vacation？GrammarYou can either travel or read,but either your body or soul must be on the way.
2 The Present Perfect Tense现在完成时 Language in useGrammarThe Present Perfect Tense现在完成时定义： 现在完成时表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果，也可表示过去已经开始，一直延续到现在的动作或状态。构成形式为：have/has+动词用法（1）表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。用法（2）表示发生在过去某一时刻的持续到现在的动作或状态。
3 The Present Perfect Tense现在完成时 Language in useGrammarThe Present Perfect Tense现在完成时用法一： 表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。常与下列词连用： before, so far, recently, yet, already, ever, never, once, twice…如: 我听说过林则徐的故事。I have heard about the story of Lin Zexu.I heard about the story of Lin Zexu.I know the story now .pastpresentI have heard about the story of Lin Zexu.
4 The Present Perfect Tense现在完成时 Language in useGrammarThe Present Perfect Tense现在完成时用法二：表示发生在过去某一时刻的持续到现在的动作或状态。常用于延续性动词，多带有延续性时间状语，如: since, for three weeks, so far, recently ，in the last ten years等。如: 他参军已经有十年了。1) He has joined in the army for ten years2) He has been in the army for ten years.改写句子：He has been in the army _________________.since ten years ago
5 The Present Perfect Tense现在完成时 Language in useGrammarThe Present Perfect Tense现在完成时短暂性动词和延续性动词的转换arrive/ come /go tobecome aleave/ movebuycloseopenstart/ begincatch a coldjoingo to sleepbecome interested inbe inbe abe away / outhavebe closedbe openbe onhave a coldbe in/ be a member ofbe asleepbe interested indieborrowfinish/ endget upget outwake upbe deadkeepbe overbe upbe outbe awake
6 Change the sentences Language in use His father has died.（for 2 years) GrammarHis father has died.（for 2 years)The football match has begun(since 9:00)The twins have joined the army.(since they were 18 years old)My teacher has just left Nanjing.(for 3 days)His father has been dead for two years.The football match has been on since 9:00.The twins have been in the army since they were 18 years old.My teacher has just been away from Nanjing for 3 days.Change the sentences
7 Correct the wrong Language in use Grammar1. He has borrowed the magazine for days.2. Mr. Li has come to this city since 1990.3. How long has he joined the army?4. The film have begun for ten minutes when I arrived.keptbeen inbeen inhad been onCorrect the wrong
8 *在“this is the first (second) time that …”句型中，从句谓 Language in useGrammarThe Present Perfect Tense现在完成时*在“this is the first (second) time that …”句型中，从句谓语常用现在完成时。如: 这是我第三次来这里。This is the third time that I have been here.*副词before常与现在完成时连用。如：你以前见过他吗？Have you ever met him before?
9 Language in use Exercise P18 Read and complete. （1）—I have worked on this project _____ three months ago.—Wow， it's really a long time. I think you should take a vacation.A. when B. since C. before（2）—I decided to go to England before starting the new work. Have you ever been to England？—No. I have _____ been there before.A. never B. ever C. just
10 Language in use Exercise P18 Read and complete. （3）—I didn't want to go anywhere. I have got a bad headache recently.—No wonder. You _____ in front of that computer for a long time.A. have worked B. work C. are working（4）—When shall we restart our work？—Not until we _____ our plan.A. will finish B. have finished C. are finishing
11 Language in use Exercise P18 Read and complete. （5）—Have you known Dr. Jackson for a long time？—Yes， since he _____ the Chinese Society.A. has joined B. joined C. joins（6）—Have you met Dr. Jackson _____ ？—No， I have never met him.A. just B. ago C. before
12 Language in use Exercise P18 Read and complete. （7）—Do you know Dr. Jackson very well？—Yes， he and I _____ friends since we were very young.A. have made B. have become C. have been（8）—Hello， this is Mr. Green speaking. Can I speak to Dr. Jackson？—Sorry. He _____ the hospital.A. has been to B. went to C. has gone to
13 Language in use Exercise P18 Read and complete. （9）—Dr. Jackson has been to the hospital.—Really？ When _____ there？A. will he go B. did he go C. do he go（10）—Why did Dr. Jackson go to the hospital？—Because he has had a headache _____ .A. since two days B. for two days ago C. for two days
14 Language in use have a good time for three years by yourself Exercise P19Look and complete.(1)You must enjoy yourself in the trip.You must ____________________ in the trip.have a good time(2)We began to learn English three years ago.We have learned English ________________ .for three years(3)Did you go there alone?Did you go there _______________ ?by yourself
15 Language in use two years ago has taught Exercise P19 Exercise Look and complete.(4)It is two years since the Green family moved to France .The Green family moved to France ______________.two years ago(5)Miss Li taught English in the village last year.Miss Li _____________ English in the village for one year.has taught