15 4.1 基本功:單字/片語/句型/時態 see saw seen/begin began begun 動詞三態see saw seen/begin began begun特殊practice finish mind enjoy +Ving片語on a diet /look after句型How often? How long? Don’t時態Speaking Time(ST)／time line as a tool能分辨時態
19 4.4如何準備閱讀測驗4.4.1 How to read quickly4.4.2 分析句子的結構4.4.3 掌握文章思路
20 4.4.1 How to read quickly 平時練習時要計時(才不會作答速度過慢) 需訓練自己能快速分析句子的結構 then you can quickly catch the meaning of the sentence and understand the text.Because 英語是結構性很強的語言,掌握句子結構是理解句字含意的第一步驟
21 4.4.2分析句子的結構 例1: Do you know the meaning of a word may change over time ?You : 主詞know : 動詞the meaning of a word may changeover time:名詞子句當動詞know的受詞
22 4.4.2分析句子的結構 we 之前省略了 which, which we know now 例2 : Many words (which)we knownow had different meanings along time ago.we 之前省略了 which, which we know now是一個 形容詞子句用來修飾 many words這就是後位修飾法(post modification)
23 後位修飾法(post modification) 中文英文一間大房子A big house有十個房間的房子A house with ten bedrooms去年Joseph所設計的那些房子很受歡迎。Those houses which Joseph designed last year are very popular.
24 Key words for reading But However -A to +A ; +A to -A a of(的)A one of them /a better chance of working there/One of her birthday giftsQuestion 中的 6WhWhat Which How When Who WhyIt / they / one特別notice
25 4.4.3掌握文章思路 1.avoid getting lost while reading a text/目的通篇理解文本的內容& answer QContent word(實字)文章結構/組織圖
26 Content word1. key word2. New information for thereader3. underline it
27 Content words in Word museum Did you know the meaning of a word may change over time? Many English words we know now had different meanings a long time ago. One example is the word nice. Around the year 1300, nice was first used in English to mean ‘stupid.’ Two hundred years later, nice began to carry a “better” meaning. If people said a book was written nicely, they meant the book was written ‘clearly’ or ‘carefully,’ not ‘stupidly.’ After 1800, nice began to take its modern meanings like ‘kind’ or ‘friendly.’ Since then, people have thought of nice as a word with “good” meanings. A “good” change of a word’s meaning like this example of nice is called AMELIORATION. Though we don’t use nice to mean ‘stupid’ anymore, it is fun to know how much a word’s meaning j! For more examples of amelioration, see next page.
28 Word museumDid you know the meaning of a word may change over time? Many English words we know now had different meanings a long time ago. One example is the word nice.
29 文章結構/組織圖(篇章&對話) Amelioration Word museum Word Meaning Was/Now/differentNiceChange1300 stupid1800 kind/friendly1500 nicely/clearlyGood changeAmelioration