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一、解题方法与技巧 根据《大纲》的要求,单项选择考查对语法 和习语的知识、理解和运用能力、考查在特定的

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Presentation on theme: "一、解题方法与技巧 根据《大纲》的要求,单项选择考查对语法 和习语的知识、理解和运用能力、考查在特定的"— Presentation transcript:

1 一、解题方法与技巧 根据《大纲》的要求,单项选择考查对语法 和习语的知识、理解和运用能力、考查在特定的
环境中正确辨别单词和录活的运用语法和习语的 能力、考查英语词汇及其固定搭配的理解和辨析 能力、考查情景交际能力。 一、解题方法与技巧 1. 直接判定法 直接判定法是直接运用已掌握的英语知识, 结合题干所提供的信息,从备选答案中直接选出 正确答案。这类题目较容易,有时只看题干便已 得出正确答案是什么。

2 2. 排除法 读完题干,弄清题意之后,感觉很难找出正 确答案时,应用排除法来解决这类题型,找出关 键词。如果其中有两个选项都对,应把这两项排 除,因为四个选项中只有一个是正确的。 3. 分析比较法 根据所掌握的各种语法知识及语境进行分析 比较,最后选定正确答案。可以根据选项两两相 同的特点将其分成两类,进行比较。先排除一类, 然后比较剩下一类的两个选项,最后两者选一。

3 4. 固定结构判断法 有些题目考查固定搭配和习惯用法。做这类 题一定要摆脱汉语习惯的干扰,才有可能选出正 确答案。 5. 前后照应法 前后照应法要求答题前首先弄清题干的真正 意义,然后联系上下文,捕捉暗示的信息,从而 选出正确答案。 6. 逻辑推理法 有些选项从语法上看答案可能不止一个,但有的句意不符合逻辑,通过逻辑推理便能把它排除。

4 二、例题解析 7. 常识法 有些题涉及到政治、历史、地理、天文、理 化、生活风俗等方面的常识,做这类题应根据所 掌握的常识选出正确答案。
1. Could I borrow ____eraser, please? ___ is broken. A. your; My B. yours; Mine C. yours; My D. your; Mine [解析]通读题干后,得到的信息为用物主代词来 填空。eraser 这个名词前应用形容词性物主代词 来修饰,答案应为your, 而后一个空后没有所修 饰的名词,应选名词性物主代词Mine,故选D。

5 2. This is ______ bedroom. The twin sisters like it
very much. A. Anne and Jane B. Anne’s and Jane C. Anne’s and Jane’s D. Anne and Jane’s [解析]因bedroom用的是单数,应是双胞胎姐妹 公用的卧室,表示两人共有的东西,只在后面 的名词后加“’s”表示所有格。故选D。 3. —Would you like a bag of rice? —Yes. I have _____ rice at home. A. some B. little C. a little [解析] 句中little表一种否定用法,修饰不可数名 词,意为“很少一点,几乎没有”。由上句推知, 故选B。

6 4. It takes ______ to go to Japan by air than
by ship. A. little time B. less time C. more time D. much time [解析]根据本题题干的前半部分,四个选 项均可填入,但再看后半部分,通读提干 便会发现关键词than,得知“去日本坐飞机比做 轮船花的时间要少”,故选B。 5. Lucy is interested in ______. A. listen to music B. listening music C. flying kites D. read books

7 [解析]be interested in 短语中的in是介词,介词后
要跟动名词形式,不可跟动词原形,应先筛去A、 D两项。B选项listening music中的listen是不及物 动词,其后跟宾语music应该在listening后加介词 to,B也应筛去,故正确答案为C。 6. —I’m sorry I mistake you for each other. —______. A. You’re right B. It’s not your mistake C. It doesn’t matter D. Yes, you made a mistake [解析]从本题题干的第一句得知:说话人因为认 错了对方而道歉。英语中向别人表示歉意的回 答应为“没关系”,因此根据英美人的习惯应为 选项C. It doesn’t matter.

8 7. —Your dress is very beautiful.
—______. A. I don’t think B. Thank you very much C. No, it isn’t beautiful D. Please don’t say so [解析]对于别人的赞美,外国人往往直截 了当地表示谢意:“Thank you.”“Thanks a lot.”等。而不像中国人一般说“不行,哪 里,差远了”等表谦虚的话。故选B。

9 8. —There are two new cars in front of the company.
—One is mine and ______ is the manager’s. A. other B. another C. the other D. others [解析]从原题中知两辆小汽车,可推出one…the other结构。故选C。 9. —______ —It’s very hot. A. What bad weather! B. It’s a fine day, isn’t it? C. Do you like the day? D. How is the weather in Chongqing? [解析]该题的突破口是答语It’s very hot.,根据该 答语可判断出语境是谈论天气,由于选项C与答

10 语无关,所以C应先被排除,选项A是感叹语气,
选项B反意疑问句也表示感叹语气。询问天气常 用“How is the weather?”或“What’s the weather like?”来提问。故选D。 10. —Would you like to go to the park with me? —______. A. I think I can B. Yes, I want C. I’d love to D. Thank you [解析]本题的语境是邀请某人做某事,常用“I’d love to.”或者“I’d like to.”等表达法来接受邀请; 用“Sorry,…”等来表示委婉拒绝,按照英语交际 中礼貌的原则,不能用“No”表示拒绝。故选C。

11 c 三、巩固练习 holidays, ____ he? B D 1. — He's flown to Qingdao for summer
A. isn't B. wasn't C. hasn't D. doesn't 2. Rosa likes music ____ is quiet and gentle. A. when B. that C. where D. who 3. — Listen! Is that Kate playing the piano in the room? —No. It _____ be Kate. She has gone to London. A. may not B. needn't C. mustn't D. can't c B D

12 —___. I’m still at the meeting then.
4. Could you get to the park before 3 o’clock? —___. I’m still at the meeting then. A. I think so B. Yes, I could C. I’m afraid not D. I’m afraid so 5. My grandmother likes keeping pets. She said a pet could help a person feel___. A. more nervous B. alone C. less lonely D. terrible 6. —___important tool the computer is! —I think so. A. that B. who C. which C C C

13 7. Believe it or not, _ three seconds a child in the world dies because there’s not ______food. That means about 30, 000 children die every day! A. every; a lot of B. each; a lot of C. every; enough D. each; enough 8. —Excuse me, is this seat taken? — _ . That man got his books and left a few minutes ago. A. I’m afraid so B. I don’t think so C. I don’t know D. I hope not 9. — Can you introduce the town to me? — OK. This is the town in _ I was born. A. that B. who C. which C B C

14 10. On her way home Lucy saw a thief __in a shop
10. On her way home Lucy saw a thief __in a shop. She stopped _____ 110 at once. A. steal; call B. to steal; call C. stealing; to call D. stealing; calling 11. —Will you stay here for dinner? —Sorry, I __. I have something important to do I have a look? A. don’t B. didn’t C. needn’t D. can’t 12. —Bob speaks Chinese quite well. —Yes, so he does. He practises ___ Chinese every day. A. speaking B. speak C. speaks D. spoke C D A

15 —Oh, not at all. I __ here for only a few minutes.
13. I told you not to be late again, John, __I? A. do B. did C. don't D. didn't 14. —I'm sorry to have kept you waiting. —Oh, not at all. I __ here for only a few minutes. A. have been B. had been C. will be D. was 15. They're making too much noise here. Let's go __. A. somewhere quiet B. nowhere quiet C. everywhere noisy D. anywhere noisy D A A

16 16. Half of the class most of the work
16. Half of the class most of the work. Some of the work ____ really difficult. A. have done; is B. has done; are C. has done; is D. have done; are 17. I hear you’ve got some new Australian coins.__I have a look? A. Do B. May C. Shall D. Should 18. —Guess__I did yesterday! —I think you went to a party. A. where B. when C. what D. which A B C

17 19. —We waited ages for a taxi. We gave up__ and walked home.
A. at the beginning B. in the end C. at first D. at least 20.___little water is not enough for _____ many people. A. Such, so B. So, so C. Such, such D. So, such B B


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