9 Match the adjectives with their opposites. (Ⅰ) (Ⅱ)1. crowded A. safe2. dangerous B. inexpensive3. dirty C. big4. expensive D. beautiful5. small E. clean6. ugly F. uncrowded
10 Talk about the places in your city, using the words above. PairworkTalk about the places in your city, using the words above.A: The Fine Arts Museum isreally interesting.B: Yes, and it’s beautiful, too.
11 A: The People’s Park in the middle of our city is really beautiful.B: Yes, and it’s interesting, too.
12 A: The food of the restaurant near our school is really delicious.B: Yes, and it’s inexpensive, too.
13 A: There are many books and magazines in the city library.B: Yes, and it’s clean and quiet, too.
14 1a What qualities are important for each place? Write the words from the boxnext to each place below. Write themost important words first.interesting fascinating inexpensivequiet uncrowded big beautiful convenient safe clean
16 1b Talk about places in your city using the words in 1a.A: The Fine Arts Museum isreally interesting.B: Yes, and it’s beautiful, too.
17 1c Listen to the conversations and complete the sentences. The boy asks about _________________ , and the clerk tells him to go to Green Land.Conversation 2The girl asks about ________________ , and the clerk tells her to go to the corner of Market and Middle Streets.a good place to eatpublic restrooms
18 1d Listen again. Check your answers in 1c. Conversation 3The mother asks about _______________. The father wants to go to a _______museum. The girl wants to go to a _______museum . The boy wants to go to a __________museum. The older girl wants to go to an____ museum .The clerk suggests they go to the __________museum .a good museumhistorysciencechildren’sartcomputer1d Listen again. Check your answers in 1c.
19 1e Role-play the conversations between the clerk and the tourists. A: Can you tell me where there’s a goodplace to eat?B: Of course. What kind of food do youlike?A: ...
20 2a Where do you need to make polite requests? Think of some possiblesituations. Discuss them with yourpartner.
21 2b Read the article and match each paragraph with its main idea.Use more words to help yousound more polite.It is important to know how tomake requests politely.Good English speakers need toknow how to speak politely.The choice of language dependson the situation and the relationship between the speakers.Paragraph 1Paragraph 2Paragraph 3Paragraph 4
22 Underline the topic sentence for each paragraph. Could You Please ...?When you visit a foreign country, it is important to know how to ask for help politely. For example, you may ask“ Where are the restrooms?” or “Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?” These are similar requests for directions. Both are correct English, but the first one sounds less polite.
23 That is because it is a very direct question That is because it is a very direct question. It is not enough to just ask a question correctly. We also need to learn how to be polite when we ask for help.Good speakers change the way they speak in different situations. The expressions they use might depend on whom they are speaking to or how well they know each other. It is all right to ask direct questions to your classmates. Becauseyou know them well. However, If you say to
24 your teacher, “When is the school trip. ”, this might sound impolite your teacher, “When is the school trip?”, this might sound impolite. But if you say, “Excuse me, Mr. West. Do you know when the school trip is?”, this will sound much more polite.Usually polite questions are longer. They include expressions such as “Could you please ...?” or “May I ask ...?” It sounds more polite to say, “Peter, could you please tell me your address?” than “Peter, tell me your
25 address.” Sometimes we even need to spend time leading in to a request. For example, we might first say to a stranger, “Excuse me, I wonder if you can help me” or “I’m sorry to trouble you, but ...” before asking for help.It might seem more difficult to speak politely than directly. However, it is important to learn how to use the right language in different situations. This will help you communicate better with other people.
29 注意： 陈述句中如果有带否定前缀或后缀的单词， 整个句子仍被视为肯定句，反意疑问部分用否定形式。 ►She is unhappy, isn’t she?她不高兴，是吗？
30 2. convenient 便利的；方便的convenient形容词，意为“便利的;方便的”，其主语不能是表示人的词，常用于句型It’s convenient for sb. to do sth.，意为“对于某人来说做某事是方便的”。It’s convenient for us to start working right now.我们立刻开始工作是方便的。
31 convenience是convenient的名词形式，既可作可数名词，意为“便利的设施”，也可作不可数名词，意为“方便，便利”。 ►The house has all the modern convenience.这所房子配有各种现代化便利设旅。► I keep my books near my desk for convenience.为了方便,我把书放在书桌旁。
32 3. …and the clerk tells her to go to the corner of Market and Middle.……工作人员告诉她去市场大街和中心大街交汇的拐角处。corner是可数名词,意为“拐角;角落”。常构成短语：①in the corner of...意为“在......的拐角处/角落里”►I found a boy crying in the comer of the room.我发现一个男孩在房间的角落里哭。②on/at the corner意为“在拐角处”。►The shop is on the corner.那家商店在拐角处。
34 4. When you visit a foreign country, it is important to know how to ask for help politely.当你去国外旅游时，知道如何礼貌 地寻求帮助很重要。politely作副词,意为“礼貌地;客气地”，其反 义词为impolitely(无礼地;粗鲁地）；polite是其形容词形式，反义柯为impolite(无礼的）。► He is a polite child. He speaks to everyone politely.他是个有礼貌的孩子。他对每个 人说话都很有礼貌。
36 5. For example, “Where are the restrooms?” or “Could you please tell me where the restroomsare?” are similar requests for directions to aplace.例如，“公共厕所在哪里?”和“您能告诉我公共厕所在哪里吗？ ”是询问地点的类似的请求。request是可数名同，意为“要求;请求”，其后 常接“for +名间”,意为“……的要求/请求”。We must make a request for help.我们必须请求帮助。
37 拓展： request用作及物动词，意为“要求；请求”。 常见用法如下： ①request sth. ( from/of sb.)意为“（向某人） 请求某物”。He requested some hot water from me.他向我要了些热水。②request sb. to do sth.意为“请求某人做某事”。►They requested him to leave at once.他们要求他立刻离幵。
38 ③request + that从句（从句用虚拟语气，谓语动词用“ should +动词原形 should可省略）意为“请求/要求……” ► I requested that she (should come anhour earlier.我请她早一小时来。
39 6. Both are correct English, but the first one sounds less polite.两者都是正确的，但第一句听起来不如第二句显得礼貌。correct此处用作形容词，意为“正确的；恰 当的”，相当于right，其副同形式为correctly.► I can tell you the correct answer.我可以告诉你正确答案。correct用作动词，意为“改正”。► You must correct the mistakes in your homework.你必须改正作业中的错误。
40 ⑵one此处用作代词，指代上文提到过的人或物。 I have many CDs, but I like the one called Heart Strings best.我有很多唱片，但我最喜欢名叫《心弦》的那一张。
41 7. That is because it is a very direct question. 因为它是一个很直接的问题。because it is a very direct question此处作is的表语，是表语从句。► The trouble is that I have lost his address.问题是我把他的地址丢了。(2)direct此处用作形容词，意为“直接的;直率的”，其反义词为indirect,意为“间接的”,副词为directly,意为“直接地”。► You'll have to get used to his direct manner.你得慢慢习惯他这种直率的方式。
42 8. Usually polite questions are longer and include more language such as “Could youplease ...?” or “Can I ask ...?”有礼貌的问句通常更长一些，而且包括像“Could you please ...?” 或“Can I ask ...?”之类的表达方式。include作及物动词，意为“包括;包含”。►The price includes both the house and thefurniture inside.这个价格包括房子和里面的家具。
43 拓展： ① including用作介词，意为“包括；包含在 内”,后接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。 常置于名词之后。 ►Six people, including a baby, were injured inthe accident.事故中有6人受伤，其中包括一名婴儿。② included形容词，意为“包括在内的”，通常置于名词之后。►There are 100 people in this school, 20 teachersincluded.这所学校有100个人，包括20名老师。
44 9. Sometimes we even need to spend time leading in to a request.有时, 我们甚至需要花些时间来导入一个请求。lead in to意为“引入;导人”。其中in为副词，to为介同，其后接名词或代词作宾语。►We often use “excuse me” to lead in to a request.我们常用“excuse me”来导入一个请求。lead to意为“导致;通向”。► Too much work and too little rest often lead toillness.过量的工作和过少的休息经常引起疾病。► All roads lead to Rome. 条条大道通罗马。
45 10. I look forward to your reply. 我期待您的回复。(1)look forward to表示“盼望;期待”，相当于expect，特指以特别愉快的心情期待着。 其中to为介词，后面接V-ing形式。译:我期待着再次见到你。误：I’m looking forward to see you again.正：I’m looking forward to seeing you again(2)reply用作名词，意为“答复”，相当于answer,表示“......的答复”时，reply与answer都需要与to连用。► I received no reply/answer to my request.我的要求没有收到任何答复。
46 拓展： ①reply用作不及物动词，意为“回答，回 复”， reply to sb./sth.表示“对某人/某事作 出回答”。 用作及物动词，其后可接宾语从句。►She cried, but didn’t reply.她哭了，但没有回答。►He didn’t reply to my letter.他没有回复我的信。②answer作及物动词，其后可直接跟名词或代词作宾语。► Please answer my question.请回答我的问题。
47 11. You’re always in a rush to get to school on time.你为了能准时到达学校总是急匆匆 的。on time意为“准时；按时”，相当于:at the right time。► Please don't be late. Come here on time.请别迟到，准时来这里。
48 拓展： 有关time的常见短语 ： ① in time意为“及时”。 ►The man was just in time for the plane.那个人正好赶上了航班。② at times 意为“有时”相当于sometimes.► I go to school without breakfast at times.有时我不吃早饭就去上学。
49 ③ by the time 意为“到……时候；到……之前” ► By the tune we got to the cinema, the film hadbegun.我们到达电影院时，电影已经开始了。④ at the same time 意为“同时”。►The twins always go to bed at the same time.这对双胞胎总是同时上床睡觉。
50 Look at the requests and write two more. Describe a suitable situation for each one.Then make the requests more polite.RequestSuitable situationMore polite request1. “How much did you pay for that soccer ball?”A team player is asking anotherteam player.“Could you please tell me how much you paid for that soccer ball?”2. “I want to go to the library. Where is it?”Someone who is in a hurry asks a friend.“Excuse me, do you know where the library is?”
51 RequestSuitable situationMore polite request3. “Where are therestrooms?”4.5.Can you tell me how much you paid for that soccer ball?.A parent is asking a child.
55 2d Read the requests below 2d Read the requests below. In the second column, write A if you would say it to someone you know and B if you would say it to a stranger. In the last column, write where you think these people are.RequestPersonPlace1. Will you pass the salt?2. Do you know where I can change some money, please?
56 RequestPersonPlace3. Could you tell me what just happened?4. Could you please tell me where the nearest station is?5. Excuse me, do you know what time it begins, please?6. Let me know when you’re ready, OK?7. Could you possibly tell me the way to the village school?
57 Pair work How to ask politely? BAD Where are the corn chips? GOODWhere are the corn chips?There's no milk left?How does this work?Slice it thicker / thinner.Give me a pound of that.Could you tell me where the corn chips are, please?Is there any more milk, (please)?Can you show me how this works? (e.g. a coffee grinder)I'd like it sliced thicker / thinner,please.Will you give me a pound of that,please? Can / Could I have a pound of that, please?57
58 3a Imagine you are going on a short study vacation at a school in an English-speaking country. What would you like to know before you go? Write some polite, indirect questions about the following topics.TopicQuestionThe course you will studyThe time of the courseWhere and what you can eat
59 TopicQuestionWhere you will stayWhat activities you can doTravel to the schoolOther
60 3b Write a polite letter to the school asking for the information you want to know.Use your notes in 3a.In your letter, you should:• introduce yourself• say when you are coming• politely ask for information• thank the person for helping you
61 Dear Sir or Madam,I’ll be coming to your school soon for a short study vacation. I’d like to know more information about your school.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________I would like to thank you for helping me and I look forward to your reply.Yours faithfully,_____________
65 这是一篇图文结合式作文，时态以一般现在时为主，根据题目提示可考虑采用下面的模板。 There will be a concertin Hongqi Theater.指明目的地如何指路First, you can .... Thenturn left …Then ...描述行进路线I will meet you atthe gate of.,.见面地点
66 Dear Rob,Are you free next Sunday? There will be a concert in Hongqi Theater. I have two tickets and I hope you can go with me.① Now let me tall you how to get there.First ②, you can walk along Zhaowuda Road after you leave your home. Then turn left onto Third Street. Go straight along Third Street. When you get to Walking Street，turn right.
67 Then go along the street until you see Hongqi Theater on your right. ③ I will meet you at the gate of Hongqi Theater.Yours,Liu Ming点评：① Are you free next Sunday? There will be a concert in Hongqi Theater. I have two tickets and I hope you can go with me.文章开篇自然、切题，语言简明扼要。
68 ②正确把握了图表信息；first，then等表顺序 的词使得文章条理清晰，一目了然。③Then go along the street until you see HongqiTheater on your right.文中祈使句、时间状语从句等句式的使用使得文章句型丰富，长短句相互交替，相得益彰。
69 中考链接 【2011•盐城】14. — Excuse me. Could you tell me _______? — It will leave at 4:00 p.m.A. how will you go ShanghaiB. how you will go to ShanghaiC. when will the bus leave for ShanghaiD. when the bus will leave for Shanghai【解析】从答句知问的应该是时间，排除A和B。又因为宾语从句必须用陈述语序，故选D。
70 【2011安徽芜湖】48. --- Could you tell me _________. --- You can take No 【2011安徽芜湖】 Could you tell me _________? You can take No. 16 bus.A. how can we get to the Olympic ParkB. how we can get to the Olympic ParkC. how did we get to the Olympic ParkD. how we got to the Olympic Park【解析】特殊疑问句做宾语从句时，用陈述语序；可排除A、C；根据答语可知问句用一般现在时，可排除D；故B为正确答案。
71 C【2013铜仁】— I wonder _______ at 8:00 last night?— I was watching NBA.A. what were you doingB. what did you doC. what you were doingD. what are you doing
72 【2013北京】I don't remember ______ the book yesterday. A. where I putB. where did I putC. where will I putD. where l will put【2013漳州】They wonder _______ robots will make humans lose their jobs or not. A. that B. if C. whetherAC
73 【2013恩施】--- I wonder when _____ be held. --- If it _____, we’ll have it next Monday. A. the sports meeting will; doesn’t rain B. will the sports meeting; doesn’t rain C. the sports meeting will; will not rainA
74 【2013湛江】--- I want to know _______. --- Sorry. I’ve no idea. But she was here just now. A. where is Ann B. where Ann is C. where was Ann D. where Ann was 【2013盐城】People in Yancheng are proud of _______ they have achieved in the past thirty years. A. how B. which C. what D. whenBC
75 Homework Find the direct questions and polite requests from 2b. 2. Finish writing the letter in 3b.3. Master the words and expressionsin this unit.