16 ‘Orientation to Life’ Enhancement Project Objective:To see would contemplative education based on Buddhist Teaching be able to enhance students’ self-esteem and ability to handle stressStudy Design:Quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest comparison groups
17 The Program20 workshops based on the theoretic foundation of SOC, contemplative education and “Life Education Based on the Concept of Dependent Origination” were conducted between Sept 2004 and Dec 2005Various interactive activities were employed, meditation practice, mini-lecture, video, game, drama and etc.
18 Outcome Measures Orientation to Life Questionnaire-13 (SOC) Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale SES (SES)General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ)Life Satisfaction Scale (LIFE). Shek, D. T. L. (1989). Validity of the Chinese version of the General Health Questionnaire. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45(6), Rosenberg, M., and Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and The Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press
19 Comparison of the magnitude of changes of the four measures of the students with RSB grade higher than 65 from the experimental group and comparison group I using Independent T-test
20 Correlation between the magnitude of change in SOC scores and the grade of RSB final exam for experimental group students