79 物质生活质量指数The physical quality of life index (PQLI) is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country.The value is a single number derived from basic literacy rate, infant mortality, and life expectancy at age one,all equally weighted on a 0 to 100 scale.
80 物质生活质量指数It was developed for the Overseas Development Council in 1979 by Morris Davis Morris, as one of a number of measures created due to dissatisfaction with the use of GNP as a indicator of development. PQLI is an improvement but there is considerable overlap between infant mortality and life expectancy.
81 社会进步指数 Index of Social Progress, ISP Richard J. Estes, 1984 年首次提出 1988年，他又提出加权社会进步指数(WISP)该指数通过一定的方法，将众多社会经济指标浓缩为一个综合指数，以此作为评价一个国家社会发展进步状况的尺度
82 2. Health status subindex 与社会进步指数有关的 社会指标Education subindexschool enrolmentLiteracyexpenditures on education2. Health status subindexinfant mortalityphysicians per 1000male life expectancy
83 4. Defense effort subindex 与社会进步指数有关的 社会指标3. Women status subindexgirls in primary schoolfemale illiteracywomen suffrage4. Defense effort subindexexpenditures on defense in % GNP