10 Japanese – Japanese sheep – sheep 2.特殊变化的单词(1)单复数同形Chinese – Chinese fish – fishJapanese – Japanese sheep – sheep(2)变元音字母oo为eetooth – teeth foot – feet
11 3.变man为 menman – men woman – womenpoliceman – policemenFrenchman – Frenchmen请区别：German(德国人) – Germans4. 其它形式child – children mouse – mice
12 girlfriend – girlfriends grandchild – grandchildren 5.一些合成名词的复数构成分两种情况(1)将中心词变为复数girlfriend – girlfriendsgrandchild – grandchildren(2) man,woman 构成的合成词，每个名词都要变成复数a man doctor – men doctorsa woman teacher – women teachers
13 * The police often come here. 6.常以复数形式出现的名词people clothes policetrousers glasses这些名词作主语时，注意它们的谓语用复数* My clothes are newer than yours.* The police often come here.
14 *There are a few people in the park. 7.可用how many，many，a few，few，any，lots of, some，a lot of 等修饰可数名词复数*There are a few people in the park.*How many knives are there in your pencil-box?
15 work chalk time space music money weather cotton homework ★不可数名词物质名词和抽象名词属于不可数名词如: water，rice，fish，meat 等。特别记住：work chalk time space musicmoney weather cotton homeworkwood information news medicine
16 1.不可数名词无复数，作主语时常看成单数*Some bread is over there.*No news is good news.2.常用how much, much, a little, little, a lot of, some, any等来修饰不可数名词*They had much money.*He does little housework at home.
17 *Three glasses of orange are on the desk. 3.常用a piece of, a cup of, a glass of,a bottle of等来表示不可数名词的量,单复数表现在of 前面的名词上，而 of 后始终是单数*There is a piece of paper in the book.*Three glasses of orange are on the desk.
18 * There are two bags of clothes over there. 注意：可数名词也可用量来表示， of 后用复数* There are two bags of clothes over there.* We have five boxes of apples.
19 (1) glass(玻璃)– a glass(玻璃杯) paper(纸) – a paper(报纸) 4.有些可数名词或不可数名词在一定情况下可相互转化，同一个词，但意思不同(1) glass(玻璃)– a glass(玻璃杯)paper(纸) – a paper(报纸)work(工作) – a work(著作)room(空间) – a room(房间)
21 * He has two pencil-boxes. * There are three banana trees over there. 名词的一般用法★名词做定语1.修饰另一名词时,一般用单数* He has two pencil-boxes.* There are three banana trees over there.2.man woman用做定语时,应与后面的名词保持数的一致*We need a man teacher.*They are all women workers.
22 *a sports field *a clothes shop 3.sports,clothes做定语时,仍用复数形式*a sports field *a clothes shop4. 当数词与单位名词一起做定语时， 单位名词往往用单数形式,数词与单位名词用“-”连接。*He is a fourteen-year-old boy.*This is a two-hour plan.
23 ★名词做主语时,应注意名词的数，避免主谓不一致。 * Her family is a large one and her family are all teachers.她家是一个大家庭,她的家人都是老师。*There is a pair of glasses on the desk.桌上有一副眼镜
24 *Tom ’ s book *my friend’ s uncle 2.以s结尾的复数名词,则在s后加“ ’”即可 名词所有格表示名词间的所有关系“ …的”一.名词所有格的构成方法1.单数名词后加“’ s”*Tom ’ s book *my friend’ s uncle2.以s结尾的复数名词,则在s后加“ ’”即可*Teachers ’ Day *two weeks ’ holiday
25 * Children’ s Day * men’ s shoes 4.用of加名词，构成所属关系的短语，主要用于表示无生命名词的所有关系*the color of the wall*a picture of the classroom
26 1.可用名词所有格表示地点, 地点名词习惯上省略 * my aunt’s ( home） (我姑姑家） 二.名词所有格的几个注意点1.可用名词所有格表示地点, 地点名词习惯上省略* my aunt’s ( home） (我姑姑家）* go to the teachers’ ( office）(去老师办公室） 2.有些名词的所有格可用两种形式*the cat’s name / the name of the cat*China’s capital/ the capital of China
27 请区别: Lucy’s and Lily’s rooms 露西的房间和莉莉的房间 * Lucy and Lily’s room露西和莉莉的房间（两人共有一间房间）请区别: Lucy’s and Lily’s rooms露西的房间和莉莉的房间（两人各有一间房间）
29 冠 词虚词，本身无独立的意义， 它用来帮助说明名词所指的人或物是泛指还是特指不定冠词a, an（泛指）定冠词 the （特指）
30 * Do you like an apple or a pear? 1.不定冠词的用法1)表示某人(事物)的某一种类* My father is a driver.* Do you like an apple or a pear?2) 表示某一事物中的任何一个*An elephant is bigger than a horse.*A monkey can climb trees.
31 *A panda has a mouth , a nose，two eyes. 3)表示某人某物,但不具体说明何人何物。*A student from Class Two runs fastest.*A man is calling now.4)表示数量， 有“一” 的含义*There is a flower in the vase.*A panda has a mouth , a nose，two eyes.
32 5)有些不可数名词要表示“一种”、“一场”、“一堆”时， 须加不定冠词 *a heavy snow *a strong wind*make a fire *have a good time6)用于固定词组*half an hour *a moment ago * a lot of*have a rest *a little a few *a pair if
33 2.定冠词的用法 2)世界上独一无二的事物前用定冠词the 1)指上文提到过的人或物,用定冠词the *the sun *the moon *the earth3)定冠词the用于序数词前或表示方位的名词前和形容词最高级前*the first *the best *in the south
34 5)在复数姓氏前加the，表示××一家人，常看成复数 * play the piano * play the violin5)在复数姓氏前加the，表示××一家人，常看成复数*The Browns are going to Shanghai for a holiday this summer.=The Brown family are going to Shanghai for a holiday this summer.
35 *in the morning *on the right *behind the chair *all the time 6)在一些形容词前，表示一类人*the rich 富人 *the old 老人*the deaf 聋子在一些专有名词和习惯用语中常用定冠词the* the Great Wall *by the way*in the morning *on the right*behind the chair *all the time
36 *on Sunday *study physics (特指,加the ) 3.不用冠词1)在节日、星期、月份、季节、年、学科等词前不用冠词*in summer *in August*on Sunday *study physics请区别：in the spring of 1945(特指,加the )2)一日三餐和球类运动名词前不用冠词*have breakfast *play football
37 * Each boy has a workbook. 3)名词前已有this, that, my, your, some, any,each作定语,不用冠词* They met here this morning.* Each boy has a workbook.4)一些专有名词、不可数名词、称呼、头衔不用冠词China Grade TwoMr.Li Dr.Liu meat
38 * in purple * in red * Japanese * Britain * at night * in time 5）表示颜色、语种、国家前不用冠词* in purple * in red* Japanese * Britain6）固定词组* go to bed * by bus* at night * in time
39 ★ in front of 在…前面 4.在有些词组中,有冠词和无冠词意思不同 in the front of 在…范围内的前部 *There is a tree in front of the house.房子前面有一棵树* The teachers’ desk is in the front of the classroom.讲台在教室的前部
40 ★ in hospital (生病)住院in the hospital 在医院里*He’s ill in hospital.他生病住院。*My parents work in the hospital.我的父母在医院工作。
42 用名词的正确形式填空1 He cut the apple into ________ (half).2 The ________ (potato) are mine.3 How many ________ (family) are there in this town?4 There are ten ________ (deer) on the farm.5 These ________ (German) are __________(businessman).6 Last week we went to the __________ (child) Park.halvespotatoesfamiliesdeerGermansbusinessmenChildren’s
43 2.We don’t have any class on Sundays. 改错1. It’s a hard work.2.We don’t have any class on Sundays.3. The room’s windows are very big..It’s hard work.We don’t have any classes on Sundays.The windows of the room are very big.
44 4 How many milk is there in the bag? 5.Could I have three papers ,please？6.These two pieces of bread is over there.How much milk is there in the bag?Could I have three pieces of paper ,please？These two pieces of bread are over there.
45 ( )1 I found ____ good news in ____ newspaper. A. a, a B.a piece of , a piece ofC.a, a piece of D. a piece of , a( )2 What ____ it is today!A. a fine weather B. fine weatherC. fine a weather D. the fine weather( )3 To their _____ , they have all passed the exam.A. surprise B. surprisingC. surprises D. surprisedDBA
46 ( )4 Lucy is ____ sister.A. Mary and Jack B. Mary’s and Jack’sC. Mary and Jacks D. Mary and Jack’s( )5 Please make ____ for him. He is very tired.A. any room B. any roomC. some rooms D. some room( )6 The model plane was made by a ____ boy.A. ten-years-old B. ten-year-olderC. ten-year-old D. ten-year oldDDC
47 ( ) 7 He went to the ____ to buy a pair of shoes. A shoes store B shoe storeC shoe’s store D shoes’ store( ) 8 I will give you ____ to finish it.A two week’s time B two weeks’ timeC two week time D two weeks time( ) 9 The two bedroom are the ____.A twins B twin’s C twins’ D twinsBBC
48 ( ) 10 This is an old photo of mine when I ____. A have short hairs B had short hairsC have short hair D had short hair( ) 11 I think the country is much more beautiful than any other ____ in the world.A country B countriesC the country D the countries( ) 12 John’s uncle has many friends. Mr. Shute is a friend of ____.A John’s uncle B John uncle’sC John’s uncle’s D John uncleDAC
49 Exercises 1 There is ________ “m” in ________ word “mother”. 2 Did you play ________ basketball or play ________ piano after _______school?3 Turn right at ________ third crossing on ________ left.4 They got to ________ moon by ________ spaceship.5 She is ________ university student, she likes ________ music of ________ film.ana/the/thethe/theathethe