3 I. 過去簡單式(1)-表達涵義&搭配詞 功能: 描述過去發生過的事情 e.g. It was a tadpole before. Now Past----| | >Future搭配詞: last week, yesterday, the other day, just nowe.g. They went to the Louvre last week.
4 I. 過去簡單式(2)-動詞變化 1.字尾加-d或-ed: The rich man counted the eggs. 2.字尾去Y,加 ied:The bird flied over the bridge.3.不規則動詞變化:He was (be) happy. Claire wrote (write) a letter to her.
5 I. 過去簡單式(3)-句型變化 1. 肯定句: S + was/ were + …; S + V-ed + … I was a student before.He walked to St. Dominic High School yesterday.2. 否定句: S + was/were + not + …; S + did+ not +V 原形+ …You were not a teacher before.We did not get to the museum.3. Yes/No Q & Ae.g. Were you there last night? Yes, I was./No, I wasn’t (was not).e.g. Did you go up the Eiffel Tower? Yes, I did./No, I didn’t.4. Wh- Qe.g. Why was she angry yesterday?e.g. Who did Becky meet with a couple of days ago?
6 II. 過去進行式(1)-表達涵義&搭配詞 1. 功能: 描述一件事情／行動在過去確切的某一時候發生 What was Sophia doing at 10:00? She was eating.10: NowPast / / > Future(確定she was eating) (不確定是否繼續dancing)2. 搭配詞: at ten o’clock
7 II. 過去進行式(2)-句型變化 1. 肯定句: S + was/ were + Ving … He was walking to St. Dominic High School yesterday.2. 否定句: S + was/were + not + Ving …You were not eating chicken.3. Yes/No Q & AWas May writing a letter? Yes, she was./ No, she wasn’t.4. Wh- Q.Who was playing the piano?
8 III. 過去進行式-比較(1) 1.用過去式強調已完成的事 ;用過去進行式強調”時間持續” e.g. I did my homework last night. (功課已做完了）e.g. I was doing my homework last night. （不知功課是否做完了）
9 III. 過去進行式-比較(2) 2. 過去式與過去進行是同時出現在一個句子裡: e.g. I was watching TV when someone opened the door.或 When someone opened the door, I was watching TV.Someone opened NowPast | |------>FutureI was watching TV（某人敲門這一個動作發生在看電視這連續進行的事情當中）
10 III. 過去簡單式-比較(3) 3. 兩個過去簡單式同時出現，發生次序是前句的過去式先於後句 兩個過去進行式同時出現，表示兩個行動同時進行，或兩件事在過去同時發生e.g. When I opened the door, the phone rang.NowPast----| | | >FutureI opened the door the phone range.g. I was talking with my mom while she was singing a song.I was talking with my mom NowPast while | > FutureShe was singing a song