Let’s enjoy a short film What is he eating? Does he enjoy it?
1. Who is the funny man in the film? 2. Do the actors say anything in the show? 3. How do they express themselves? 4. What do you call that? Charlie Chaplin. No, nothing. By what they do and their facial expressions. Body language.
Body Language is a form of non-verbal communication. It uses movements or positions of our body to show other people what we are thinking or feeling. It includes body movements, facial expressions, gestures, posture, speaking distance and other non-verbal signals. What is body language?
Game: Choose a student to the front of the blackboard and bring out the meaning of some words by some postures. MeaningAction 4. I’m so happy. 1. I am worried. 2.I ate too much. 3.I am sorry I did something wrong. Twisting hands together or holding head Patting or rubbing stomach. Hanging head. Smiling, arms open and head back.
angry Threaten sb. Happy, feel at ease, hide your feeling Agreement or refusal Be not interested interested Do not believe Frown and turn your back to someone Close your hand and shake it at someone. smile Nod the head up and down or shake the head Look away from a person or yawn Turn toward the person you are talking to. Roll your eyes and turn your head away.
Communication : No problem? Reading passage: Reading
First reading : After your listening, decide how many parts the passage can be divided into, and find out the main idea of each part. _______________ People from different countries express greetings in different ways. ____________ Meet the visitors at the airport ____________ the reason why body languages are different Part 2(para2345) Part 1(para1) Part 3(para6)
Second reading Part 1 people present purpose businessmen from foreign countries local businessmen people representing the Chinese government interested 1. Who will be present at the meeting? 2. Why are people visiting China? meet
Mr Garcia (Columbia) Julia Smith (Britain) Visitor (Japan) George Cook (Canada) Madame Coulon (France) Matching the people and their different ways of greeting (para2&5) 1.shakes hands and kisses others twice on each cheek 2.bows 3.shakes hands 4.approaches others closely and touches their shoulder and kisses them on the cheek 5.does not stand very close to others or touch strangers Part 2
How do they behave when they meet people they know?(p.27) Country/Area Ways to greet each Britain Canada Japan Spain, Italy, South American countries France Middle East, some Muslim countries Shake hands. Do not stand very close to others or touch strangers as soon as they meet. Shake hands. Bow. Approach others closely and are more likely to touch them. Shake hands and kiss each other twice on each cheek. Shake hands and stand quite close to other men. Nods to women and do not shake hands with them.
Part3 How can we understand “None of these actions is either good or bad”? When in Rome, do as the Romans do.
Comprehending(p.26): 1. Answers to the Qs the development of business 1.They are visiting China because they are interested in the development of business in China. represented. 2. Africa, Australia and Central America are not represented. on 3. Julia Smith is surprised because Mr Garcia approaches her, touches her shoulder and kisses her on the cheek. 4.You move back because Ahmed Aziz is standing very close to you. developing business stated
5. French people will often shake hands and kiss people they know on each other’s cheeks. 6. No, we can’t. Because not all cultures greet each other the same way / Because cultures have developed in different ways. 7. So that we do not misunderstand each other./so that we can understand other cultures/so that we do not make enemies. 8. The main character is male. Ahmed Aziz shakes hands with him, but does not shake hands with the women.
1.They will be meeting at a major hotel with local business people and people who represent the Chinese government. 他们将在一家大饭店同当地的商务人员和中国政府官员会 晤。 2.Four people enter looking around in a curios way. 有四个人走了进来，好奇的四处张望。 3.You do not want to disappoint your boss, and this is an exciting experience for you,… 你不想让你的老板失望，况且这对你来说是一个令人兴奋 的经历，于是你站在一旁，观看着、倾听着。
4.You see her step back appearing surprised, and take a few steps away from Mr Garcia. 你看到她吃惊的往后退，离开加西亚先生几步远。 5. Not all cultures greet each other the same way, nor are they comfortable touching strangers or being too close or too far away. 各种文化背景下的人相互问候的方式不尽相同，触摸陌生 人、彼此靠得太近或距离太远，都会使他们不舒服。
Sum up or draw a conclusion of the text. The questions below may give you some hints. Can we expect people everywhere to act the same? Why? Why do you think we need to study body language? People in different parts of the world don’t act the same. Their body languages vary from culture to culture and may be different because of social background. Learning a foreign language is more than learning the knowledge of the language itself. It is important for us to be aware of the culture difference because it is crucial and indispensable for successful communication.
Summary : Body language varies from culture to culture. Not all members of all cultures behave the same way. We should try to grasp and respect each other’s culture in order to make good communication.
Fill in the blanks The first person who arrives is Mr. Garcia from Columbia, closely _________ by Julia Smith from Britain. When they are introduced to each other, Mr.Garcia approaches Ms Smith, _______ her shoulder and _______ her on the cheek. Ms Smith steps back appearing surprised. The visitor from Japan comes in smiling at the same time as George Cook from Canada. As they are introduced, Mr. Cook _______ his hand out to the Japanese who ______. His nose touches Mr. Cook’s moving hand, and they both _________. followed touches kisses reaches bows apologize
These are examples of learned or cultural “body language”. Not all cultures ________ each other the same way, nor are they comfortable touching _________ or being too close or too far away. In the same way that people __________ with spoken language, they also __________ their feelings using unspoken “language” through keeping physical distance, actions or _________. express communicate strangers greet posture
Body language is used by people for sending messages to one another. In many countries in the world, men k____ each other when they meet. In Britain, people usually s_____ hands when they meet someone for the first time. They are not comfortable touching s_______. French people kiss each other hello and g______ on the c_____ more often than the British people. People from the USA or Arabian countries stand c_____ than people from Britain when they are talking. They might move very close to you as you i________ yourself to them. Body language is very g______ and not all members of all cultures b______ the same way. Using body language in a correct way will help you to better c___________ with other people. iss hake trangers oodbye heek loser ntroduce eneral ehave ommunicate Fill in the blanks
Language points 1. They will be meeting at a major hotel with local business people and people who represent the Chinese government. 他们江会在大酒店与当地商人和代表中国政府的人们会面。 1) will be meeting 将要见面 will/shall be doing 表示 “ 预料将要发生的动作 ” ，在现代英语 口语中用得很多，口气往往比较婉转、随便。 When will they be visiting us again? 你什么时候再来看望我们？ I shall shortly be attending an international conference. 不久，我就要去参加一个国际会议了。
2) major adj. 较大的，主要的 The car needs major repairs. 这辆车需要大修。 n. 专业 Her major is linguistics. 她的专业是语言学。 vi. 主修，专攻 I major in biology. 我主修生物。 3) local adj. 本地的，地方的，地区的 Last Thursday he received a letter from the local police. 上星期二他接到了当地警察局的一封信。 be located in 坐落于 … …
4) represent v. 代表 (stand for) ，象征，标志；作为示范； 作 为 … … 的例子 These stones represent armies. 那些石头代表部队。 represent oneself as/to be 自称是 represent … as 把 … … 描绘成（看作） … … represent … to sb 向某人表示 … … representative n. 代理人，代表 adj. 典型的，有代表性 的 representation n. 表现，描写；代表，代理
2 Four people enter looking around in a curious way. 有四个人走了进来，好奇地四处张望。 1) looking around in a curious way 用作状语，表示 enter 的伴随状态。 She sat at the desk reading a newspaper. 她坐在桌子旁看报纸。 Tom went to school, taking a train. Tom 坐火车去上学。 While reading the news paper, he nodded from time to time. 看报纸时，他不断地点头。 Not having received a reply, we wrote again. 没有受到回信，我们又写了一封。
2) curious adj. 富有好奇心的；有求知欲的；感兴趣的 Don’t be too curious about things you are not supposed to know. 不要对那些你不应该知道的事情太过于好奇。 The tourists were surrounded by the curious children. 游客被好奇的孩子们围起来了。 be curious about 对 … … 感到好奇 be curious to do 急于做 / 极想做 It is curious that … … 很奇怪。 out of curiosity 出于好奇 in/with curiosity 好奇地
3. The first person who arrives is Mr Garcia form Columbia, closely followed by Julia Smith from Britain. 第一个到达的是来自 Columbia 的 Mr Garcia, 来 自 Britain 的 Julia Smith 紧随其后。 closely adv. 接近地，紧紧地 He entered the room, closely followed by the rest of the family. 他走进房间，后面紧跟着他的家人。 closely 与 close 的区别 close adv. 紧紧地，接近地。强调空间距离近，相当于 near; closely 也有此意，但语气较强，相当于 very near. closely adv. 常用来说明动作以怎样的方式进行。有比喻 的用法。意为 “ 亲密地，紧紧地，仔细地，严密地 ”
close to ＋ n. 靠近，接近；将近 stand/sit/live close to +sb./sth 和某人 / 某物站得 / 坐得 / 住得近 4. You introduce them to each other, and are surprised by what you see. 你介绍他们彼此认识，却对你所看到的情景感到吃惊。 introduce sb./sth to sb. 向某人介绍某人 / 某物 introduce sth into/in spl. 把某物传人或引进某地方 introduction n. 介绍；介绍的内容；导言；引论 make an introduction/introductions to sb. 向某人介 绍 … …
I will introduce my best friend Tom to you. 我要把我最好的朋友 Tom 介绍给你。 Buddhism was introduced into China in about A.D. 67. 佛教大约在公元 67 年传人中国。 5. Mr Garcia approaches Ms Smith, touches her shoulder and kisses her on the cheek. 加西亚先生走近史密斯女士，摸了摸她的肩，亲了亲她的 脸。 1)approach v. 走近；接近；临近 n. 走近；临近；对待、处理的方式 Few actors approaches him in ability. With the approach of Christmas the wather turned colder.
approach sb. on sth. 为某事与某人打交道 approach a problem from different angles 从不同的 观点研究问题 at the approach of 在快到 … … 的时候 approach sb about/for sth 向某人要求某物 2) kiss sb. on the cheek 亲吻某人的面颊 The mother kissed her child on the cheek and said good-night. 母亲亲吻了孩子的脸颊，然后道了声晚安。 vt.+sb. in/on/by +the + 身体部位 take/pull/grasp/seize/catch/hold/lead sb. by the ear/nose/ hand/arm/sleeve hit/strike/touch/pat sb. in the face/eye/ stomach/ side/chest/ hit/strike/touch/pat sb. On the head/ shoulder/ nose/ neck/ back
6. Not all cultures greet each other the same way, nor are they comfortable touching strangers or being too close or too far away. 不是所有人都是以相同的方式来互知致问候的。触摸陌生 人、距离太近或者太远并不都会使人感到舒服。 1)not 与 all, both, every, each 及含 every 的合成词连用 时，无论 not 位于这些词的前面还是后面，都构成部分 否定，意为 “ 并非所有的 … … 都 … …” 表示全部否定，要用 none, neither, no one, nothing 或 no 等来表示或借用 never, not…at all 来进行全部否定。 I agree with most of what you said, but I don’t agree with everything.
2) not …nor… 既不 … … 也不 … … They do not shake hands with women, nor are they likely to kiss women publicly. 他们既不与妇女握手，也不在公共场合亲吻他们。 3 ） nor 放在句首，该句子应用部分倒装语序，即把 be 动 词、助动词或情态动词放在主语前面。 Not a single word did he say at the meeting last night. 昨天在会上他一句话也没说。 Never has he been to China. 他从来没有来过中国。
注：① 含有否定意义的副词置于句首。如 :not, never, seldom, hardly, rarely, little 等。 ② 含有否定意义的连词置于句首。如： not only…but also, neither…nor…, no sooner…than…, hardly…when, scarcely…when… 等。 ③含有否定意义的介词短语置于句首。如： by no means, in no time, in no case, on no account, under no circumstances 等。 ④ neither, nor （表示否定）； so （表示肯定）置于句 首，表示后面所说的情况与前面所说的情况相同。
7. People from places like Spain, Italy or South American countries approach others closely and are more likely to touch them. 从西班牙、意大利或南美洲国家来的人近距离地接近对方， 而且可能会（用身体）接触对方。 sb/sth is likely to do sth. It’s likely that 从句 He’s very likely to be late for class. 他很有可能会迟到上课。 It is likely to rain tonight. 今晚可能要下雨。
likely/probable/possible 的区别 三者都可以表示 “ 可能 ” possible 强调客观上有可能性，但也常常暗示 “ 实际上 希望很少 ” 。 It is possible for sb. to do sth. 或 It is possible +that 从句。作表语时不能用人作主语。 probable 主要用来指有根据、合情理、值得相信的事 情，带有 “ 大概，很可能 ” 的意味，语气较 possible 强。 It is probable +that 从句。作表语时不用人或不定式 作主语。 likely 侧重从表面看，某物很有可能发生，与 probable 意思相近。即可用人也可用物作主语。 It is likely +that 从句. 或 sb./sth be likely to do sth. 不能 说 It is likely for sb to do sth.
8. Most people around the world now greet each other by shaking hands, but some cultures use other greetings as well. 现在世界上多数人见面要握手互相问候，但是有些文化 （背景下的人）会采取另外一些寒暄方式。 as well 同样，也，还 I am interested in painting and dancing as well. 我对绘画和跳舞都感兴趣。 It’s a big surprise for him as well as for her. 这对于他和她都是一个惊喜。
8. But Ahmed Aziz simply nods at the two women. 但艾哈迈迪 · 阿齐兹却只是向两位女士点头。 1) v. nod (to / at sb) 老师同意地点点头。 The teacher _______ _________ _______ 她从我身边走过时向我点头致意。 She ______ _______ ________ as she passed. 2) vt. nod sth (to sb) 他对我点点头表示欢迎。 He _____ ______ __________ to me. nodded in agreement nodded to me nodded a welcome
3) n. act of nodding the head 点头 她走过时朝我点一下头。 She _____ me _____ _____ as she passed. nod to do sth. 点头同意做某事 nod in agreement 点头表示同意 with a nod 点一下头 gave a nod
9. It is an interesting study and can help you avoid difficulty in communication. 这个研究很有趣，它能帮你避免交际中（可能出现）的困 难。 avoid v. 逃避；避免；回避 avoidable adj. avoid n./doing sth I realized that we were all trying to avoid the topic. 我意识到我们都在尽力地避免这个话题。 类似 avoid 的及物动词有： advise, suggest, finish, practice, dislike, enjoy, consider, appreciate, imagine, excuse, miss, forbid, allow, permit, mind, escape 等
Period 3 Studying the –ing form as the attribute and the adverbial
Teaching aims get the students to use the-ing form as the adverbial and the attribute. get the students to master the useful words and expressions learnt in the reading.
check the homework: Look at the reading passage again to find words and expressions that mean the same. alternative expressions a particular area in which you live speak or act for another person or group move nearer to someone very large or important tell what you think wanting to know abut something not limited to one part probably do something prevent something bad from happening local area represent approach major express curious general likely to avoid
Complete the following sentences with some of the words and expressions from the reading. 1.It is a _______ problem parking your car in Beijing. 2.Is that Wang LI’s friend from Wuxi? I’d like him to _________ her to me. 3.As my English vocabulary is very limited, very often I express my meaning with the help of ________________. 4.In ________, it is better not to kiss somebody you don’t know as you may surprise them. 5.My leader wants me to ____________ her at the meeting. major introduce body language general represent
6. There is a saying that _______ speak louder than words. 7. Blind people have to understand people’s feelings through ______ language. 8. Although blind people are not __________ understand your body language, they can still use body language to _______ their own ideas. 9. When you ___________ blind people, they cannot tell if they know you until you begin to speak. actions spoken likely to express approach
10. I am always ______ about how he ________ bumping into others or falling sown while walking on the street. 11. The ________ opinion is that the _____ government should take action to help the blind people curious avoids general local
Answer keys for Ex.3 on Page 28: New wordsPart of speech Words in reading passage Part of speech majoritynounmajoradjective act curiosity introduction representati ve locality avoidance verb noun action nounadjective curious noun introduce represent local avoid verb adjective verb
现在分词作定语，当分词单独做定语时，放在所修 饰的名词前, 说明其修饰名词的性质或特征, 表示供 作... 之用 ” 和... 的 ”. 现在分词作定语 a walking stick (a stick used for walking) drinking waterwater for drinking a waiting room a room for waiting working people the rising sun
动词 -ing 形式是短语，应放在所修饰的名词后，相当于 一个定语从句。 They are visitors coming from several countries. who come from several countries. Three days later I received a letter offering me the job. which offered me the job. The girl standing there __________________ is my classmate. who stands there
Practice: (1)____ dogs seldom bite. A.Bark B. To bark C. Barked D. Barking (2) The wolf spoke in a _____ voice and Mr. Dongguo felt______. A.frightening; frightened B. frightened; frightened C. frighten; frightening D. frightening; frightening D A
(3) It’s pleasure to watch the face of a ____ baby. A.asleep B. sleep C. sleeping D. slept (4) The ____ buildings showed us that an earthquake was coming. A. shaking B. shook C. shaken D. shake C A
5. When the first settlers arrived in the New World, the Indians __________ jewellerly made of animal bones greeted them warmly. A. wearing B. to wear C. worn D. having worn 6.The hotel ___________ now beside the park was designed by a group of young men. A. to be built B.being built C.built D. building 7.Do you know the boy _______there talking to your sister? A. to be standing B. stood C. being standing D. standing
现在分词作状语 现在分词作状语时，分词的逻辑主语必须是 句子的主语，分词必须和句中的主语含有逻辑上 的主谓关系，否则不能用现在分词作状语。 但要注意它地各种形式变化： 主动形式 被动形式 V-ing being V-ed having V-ed having been V-ed 一般式 完成式
Eg. Hearing the bell, the students began to enter the classroom. 听见铃声，学生们开 始走进教室。（听见和进入两个动作同时 发生） The building being built now is our new library. 现在正在建造地 这栋楼房室我们 地 新图书馆（ being built 为现在分词的被 动形式，表示动作正在进行之中。） Having done the work, he went home. 完成 了工作，他就回家了。
Walking in the street, I came across an old friend of mine. (=When I was walking in the street, I came across an old friend of mine.) While waiting for the bus, he read a copy of China Daily. (=While waiting for the bus,he read a copy of China Daily.) 1 ） 表时间状语
2) 表原因状语 Being ill, he didn’t go to school. (=as he was ill, he didn’t go to school.) Being a student, you should study hard. (=Since you are a student, you should study hard. ） 既然你是一个学生，你就应该努力学习 。 由于想到它或许在家，所以我就给他打了电话。 Thinking he might be at home, I called him. (As I thought he might be at home, I called him.)
3) 表方式、伴随情况的状语 ：作伴随状语的分 词表示的动作，必须是主语的一个 动作，或是 与谓语所表示地动作（或状态）同时发生，或 是对谓语表示的动词（或状态）作进一步地补 充说明。 Eg. He sat on the sofa, watching TV. (=He sat on the sofa, and watched TV.)
他们笑着谈着走进了教室。 __________________, they went into the classroom. 他斜靠 (lean) 着墙站着。 He stood leaning against the wall.( ＝ He stood and leaned against the wall.) Laughing and talking
4) 表结果 Eg. Her mother died in 1990, leaving her with her younger brother. (=Her mother died in 1990, and left her with her younger brother.) 全国到处在传唱这首歌曲，使它成了一首最受 欢迎地歌曲。 The song is sung all over the country,__________________________________. making it the most popular song
5) 表条件 Using your head, you will find a way. (=If you use your head, you will find a way.) 一直往前走，你就会看到一座白色地房子。 ______________, you will see a white house. Walking ahead
(6) 与逻辑主语构成独立主格： I waiting for the bus, a bird fell on my heard ． 我等汽车时，一只鸟落到我头上。 All the tickets having been sold out, they went away disappointedly. 所有的票已经卖光了，他们失望地离开了。 Time permitting, we'll do another two exercises. 如果时间允许，我们将做另两个练习。
有时也可用 with (without) + 名词（代词宾格） + 分 词形式 With the lights burning, he fell asleep. 他点着灯 睡着了。 (7) 作独立成分： Judging from(by) his appearance, he must be an actor. 从外表看，他一定是个演员。
Practise: (1)They set out ____ for the ____ boy. A.searching; losing B. searching; lost C. to search; lost D. searched; losing (2) The student sat there, ____ what to do. A.doesn’t knowing B. didn’t knowing C. not know D. not knowing B D 现在分词的否定式是在一般式和完成式的前面加 not (never )
(3)He sat there _____, with his head on his hand. A.and think B. thinking C. thought D. being thought (4) The ____ Prime Minister expressed his satisfaction with his talks, ___ that he had enjoyed his stay here. A.visiting; add B. visited; adding C. visiting; adding D. visited; added B C
5.In winter steam can be seen ______from wet clothes ______ near a fire. A. rising, hanging B. rising, to hang C. rise, hanging D. to rise, to hang 6.I couldn’t do my homework with all that noise ________. A. going on B. goes on C. went on D. to go on 7.Yesterday Professor Li received a letter from one of his friends, _________ him to write an article, and he accepted. A. having invited B. invited C. to be invited D. inviting 8. Finding her car stolen, ____________________________. A. a policeman was asked to help B. the area was searched thoroughly C. it was looked for everywhere D. she hurried to a policeman for help 9._____________, the boy couldn’t enter his house. A. Since the key has lost B. The key been lost C. Lost the key D. Having lost the key A A D D D
1.The secretary worked late into the night, _____a long speech for the president.(MET91) A.To prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing 2.European foot ball is played in 80 countries, ______ it the most popular sport in the world.(NMET 98) A.Making B. makes C. made D. to make B 现在分词表结果状语 A 现在分词作伴随状语 高考链接
3. “Can’t you read?” Mary said _______ to the notice. (MET93) A. angrily pointing B. and point angrily C. angrily point D. and angrily pointing A 现在分词作伴随状语
4. ____ a reply, he decided to write again.(MET92) A.Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received 5.______ his telephone number, she had some difficulty getting in touch with Bill.( 上海 91 年题 ) A.Not knowing B. knowing not C. Not having known D. Having not known C A 现在分词作原因状语，分词结构中否 定词通常放在现在分词前面。 作原因状语
6.While watching television, ___________. (NMET 2005) A. the doorbell rang B. the doorbell rings C. we heard the doorbell ring D. we heard the doorbell rings 7. _______ the programme, they have to stay there for another two weeks.(2004. 广东） A. Not completing B. Not completed C. Not having completed D. Having not completed 8. “You can’t catch me!” Janet shouted, ____ away. (NEMT 2005) A. run B. running C. to run D. ran 9. “We can’t go out in this weather,” said Bob, _______out of the window. (NMET 2004) A. looking B. to look C. looked D. having been looked 10. The storm left, ____a lot of damage to this area. (NEMT 2005) A. caused B. to have caused C. to cause D. having caused D C B A D
Homework: Finish the Ex. 3 and the exercises in Using structures.
Unit 4 Body Language Period 4 Showing our feelings
Teaching aims Get to know the use of body language as the expression of personal emotion and reactions. Get to know the use of some words &expressions &V-ing form
I am tired. I am full. I am hungry. press palms/rest your head on it/ eyes closed move hand in circle pat stomach Usually what gestures we will do ? Warming up ( 10 m )
show interest be rude or disrespectful money zero rudeness [USA] [Nigeria] [Germany, Japan] OK eye contact thumbs up Can you figure out the meanings of the following gestures in the following countries? the number one rude great / good job [Brazil,Germany] [France] [Japan] [usually]
Leading-in In what kind of ways can we show our feelings such as excitement? Two ways : Spoken language---- Unspoken language---- I am so excited !! body language
Skimming Divide the text into three parts and match the main idea with each part. Part 1 (Para 1) Part 2 (Para 2-Para6) Part 3 (Para 7-Para8) Body language is sometimes more important than spoken language. examples of some body language. There are differences in body language, and it’s important for us to know them.
1.Body language is never as important as spoken language. 2.If you are angry at a person, you might turn your back to him or her. 3.You can threaten a person by refusing to speak. 4.If you stand with your arms across your body, you are always protecting yourself from being physically attacked. F is often more important than T F You threaten a person by physical action. F You may be protecting yourself from a conversation you do not want, or you may be showing that you do not agree with someone. Listening
5. If you sit looking away from a person, or with your back turned, you are saying you are not interested in that person. 6. You should not greet your new boss by giving her or him a hug. 7. Body language is the same all over the world. 8. Most people can understand each other if they try. T T F sometimes the same, but it is sometimes quite different. T
similar body language 1.frowning or turning one’s back to someone to show anger 2. closing one’s hand and shaking it at someone to threaten that person 3. nodding the head up and down to show agreement Careful reading
similar body language 4. shaking the head to show disagreement or refusal 5. looking away from a person or yawning to show no interest to the person 6. standing, holding your arms across your chest to protect yourself from an unwanted conversation
similar body language 7. sitting, looking at and turning towards the person you are talking to 8. rolling your eyes and turn your head away to show you are interested to show you do not believe what you hear or you do not like it
different body language 1.children’s looking directly at an adult in Asia and South America not good behavior 2.children’s not looking directly at the teacher in North America to get punishment from their teachers because they think the children are not telling the truth
misunderstanding 2. standing too close to your boss or teacher 3.a hug to your boss or teacher not acceptable probably not a good idea to show respect 1. a smile
smile Universal gestures A smile does not always mean that one is happy. A smile can hide other feelings, such as anger, fear or worry. If someone “loses face” they may smile to hide it. A smile usually intends to put people at ease.
I. Answer the Following Questions 1)Tell us what’s the function of Body language? 2) How do you understand “smile”? 3)Cultures are different in different parts of the world. So find out an example in the passage.
1)Tell us what’s the function of Body language? 2) How do you understand “smile”? 3)Cultures are different in different parts of the world. So find out an example in the passage. Showing all kinds of feelings, wishes and attitudes. Facial expression, happy, hiding other feelings, like anger, fear or worry Look at somebody directly or not
There are many phrases about “Body language”. Find them out and give the correct explanation in English, then try your best to act them out. Question 4 生某人的气 威胁某人 以笑掩饰 “ 丢脸 ” 对某人不感兴趣 保护自己或躲开谈话 不相信听到的话或不喜欢听到的事情
Think over the questions below and discuss it with your partners. Make notes during your discussion. 1.How can we know others’ feelings, even if they don’t speak? 2.Give us an example of a person whose “Body language” is very important in your mind. Tell us your reasons. Discussion
Language points 1.similar adj. 类似的， 相似的 similarity n. 相似，类似 similarly adv. 相似 地 * be similar to… 与 …… 相似，类似于 Eg: We have similar taste in music. 我们在音乐方面的爱好相近。 My opinion is similar to yours. 我的想法与你的类似。
2. intend （ plan, mean to do ） 打算， 想要， 企图 (1)I __________ use the facial expression to show my satisfaction. 一般人作主语 (2) The facial expression ___________ show my satisfaction. 一般物作主语 (3). The book ____________ teachers. 这种书是给老师（设计的） (4).They ___________ the plan should be put into practice within the year. 他们打算在本年内实行该计划。 intend to is intended to is intended for intend that
3. You should not stand too close to him or her and should stand with your hands a little open to show that you are willing to listen. 他习惯于开着门睡觉。 He is used to sleeping with the door open. 我不能去度假，因为有很多东西等着我处理。 With so many things to deal with, I can’t go on holiday. 他没有关灯就离开教室啦 。 He left the classroom with the light on.
4. We can often be wrong about each other, so it is an amazing thing that we understand each other as well as we do. 事实证明我们都误解他啦。 The fact proves that we were all wrong about him. It was natural that he should think so. It is a/an amazing/surprising/exciting thing that sb (should) do 后经常跟虚拟语气 It is really a surprising thing that the girl marry so early. 他如果那样想，就很正常啦。 如果女孩这么早结婚会令人很吃惊的。
II.Explain the following phrases. spoken language facial expression be intended to be wrong about sb turn toward sb look away from 口头语言 面部表情 有意干 …… 误解某人 转向某人 不看，不注视
Please guess what happened to Lin Pu from their body language in the picture.
Look at the pictures of the story and arrange them by numbers in the correct order to tell the story. correct order:___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 2 Listening – I ( 5m ) 13465
Listen again and then fill in the blanks in the dialogue. What Lin Pu says and does; Listening – II ( 10 m ) Attention What the cyclist says and does; What the policeman says and does.
Lin Pu has just got his driver’s _______. He has a car too, but he isn’t too happy with it. It is an old car that he bought from his __________, who smiled happily when Lin Pu paid him. He is driving for the ____time in the city, and is very _______. Taxis are going in every direction. The bicycle riders are not looking at him, and he is beginning to think that he________ have bought the car. licence brother-in-law first nervous shouldn’t
Suddenly, the traffic light turns____. He can’t stop in time and turns his left to _____ hitting the car in front of him. Crash! He hits a bicycle and _____ over a basket full of apples. And there is a policeman, walking toward him. C – Cyclist P– Policeman L– Lin Pu Cyclist: Look what you did! All my apples are on the road! What am I going to ____in the market? You must ___ me for them! Policeman: Well, what’s the matter here? Don’t you know you can’t be in two places at once? Stay in your lane! Watch the______! red avoid knocks sell pay traffic
Pay attention to the lights, and stop when you are apposed to! Where do you think you are going? You’ll have pay a ______ for this. Lin Pu: I’m sorry. I didn’t see this man. I was trying not to hit the car in front of me. I just got my licence and I’m not used to ________in the city. Cyclist: I don’t care if you are used or not! What are you going to do about my apples? (to the policeman) Can’t you make him pay me? fine driving
Policeman: I can make him pay a fine. I hope you didn’t pay much for this car. You would be able to buy a ______car with the money you will pay for your fine. Lin Pu: I don’t have any money. I _____ all my money on my car. What can I do? Cyclist: You can ____ __ my apples. Policeman : You can sell the car--- if you can find somebody to buy it. You have to pay this fine by the end of the month. Lin Pu: Oh, dear! Why did I ever want a car? better spent pick up
You may not… Always stay… He must … Be careful when … Speaking ( 13m ) Work in groups of three and use some verb phrases or sentences to describe each picture. Be prepared to act it out using spoken language as well as body language. The following words may help you. You must… Never… / Do not … Watch out … You should never …
the brother in law smiling very happily and rubbing his hands with joy. bought a car from his brother-in-law Lin Pu and his brother-in-law Money changing hands, smiling faces, shaking hands, Scene 1
driving nervously for the first time reacting to crash. Lin Pu Nervously looking around, reacting to traffic, sudden left turn, Scene 2
Lin Pu hit a bicycle Lin Pu knocked over a basket full of apples Lin Pu and a cyclist The cyclist My hand hurt. Come here. Scene 3
shaking his fist (closed hand ) at Lin Pu, Lin Pu,the cyclist and a policeman L and the cyclist quarreled, and a policeman walked towards them. angry, shouting pointing at bicycle, pointing at apples on road, Scene 4
The police made Li Pu pay the fine. Lin Pu,the cyclist and the policeman Walking slowly and frowning, Taking out paper to write on, Shaking finger at Lin Pu, Pointing at red light, Pointing at traffic lanes, Shaking his head Scene 5
Positive Body Language Make a list of body language expressions showing both positive and negative feelings. Smilin g Noddin g Looking toward someone Pre-writing: pair work(4 m )
Negative Body Language Closing your hand and shaking it at someone Rolling your eyes and turning your head away Holding your arms across your chest
Discuss Lin Pei’s behavior. Think about the problems she might have and write them down. Describe her “body language” or the behavior that shows how she feels. While-writing: pair work(5 m ) 1. What’s wrong with Lin Pei? 2. What are her strange behaviors? 3. Why her behaviors worry you? 4. Why did she act in that way? 5. Why is body language important? 6. What is your advice for her?
Express your worry and the present situation Letter body (describe her body language and explain why it worries you.) Ending sentences(some advice and encouragement) Dear______, Yours truly,
A purpose Some ideas Some structures High-level sentences Clear steps Some conjunctions A summary Good handwriting What makes a good writing?
Homework: (1)Finish the writing. (2)Write down five different kinds of body language used in our daily life.
Look at the pictures below and think: In what situation do they shake hands?
This information was found in the notes left by an anthropologist. Arrange and organize it so that it can be used to write a summary. 1. It can be 2. Many Asian People 3. If we show an open hand 4. The right hand 5. People shake their hands 6. To show respect is usually used dangerous for you do not usually Muslim people it means that when meeting people physically touch will touch their heart and mouth because it is almost always to meet people to show that we are not holding they can be trusted. strangers. anything dangerous. the stronger. when greeting someone. you do not know.
Possible answers: 1.It can be dangerous for you to meet people you do not know. 2 Many Asian people do not usually physically touch strangers. 3. If we show an open hand, it means that we are not holding anything dangerous.
4. The right hand is usually used because it is almost always the stronger. 5. People shake their hands when meeting people to show that they can be trusted. 6. To show respect Muslim people will touch their heart and mouth when greeting someone.
Discussion: You are meeting a British friend at the airport, and you are going to hug him.
Translate the following sentences: a. 如果他们不来，怎么办呢？ b. 倘使我们不能按时到达，将会这样？ c. 如果我们在不熟悉的地方碰到陌生人，那该怎么办？ Difficult points: What if we don’t know who the new person is? What if … 倘使 … 将会怎样？ What if we are meeting a stranger in an unfamiliar place? What if we can’t get there on time? What if they do not come?
Check the translation: Ex 3 WB. 1. 当你走近一个人的时候，你的面部表情会表现出你 是否友好。（ approach;facial;expression) When you approach someone,your facial expression show if you are friendly. 2. 我对他们在舞台上怎样演出喜剧感到非常好奇。 (curious;comedy;represent) I am very curious about how they represent the comedy on the stage.
They are likely to misunderstand each other, and can’t reach an agreement about the matter. 4. 我惊讶地发现这两种相似的手势表达了如此不同 的意见。（ similar;gesture;express) I am astonished at how the two similar gestures expressed such different meanings. 5. 一般说来，人们愿意坐火车而不坐飞机以避过大的 开销。（ in general; avoid) In general,people would rather take a train than take a plane to avoid spending so much on travel. 3. 他们很可能产生了误会，而且在这个问题上也不会达 成一致。（ likely to; misunderstand; agreement) 此课件由 360 大课堂 http://www.360dkt.cn 收集整理！