RulesCan’t (×)Have to/ Must (√) When ago out×on school nights see friends do his homework practice the guitar do the dishes watch TV help his mom make breakfast clean his room h c e b g d f 1a Read the rules in the chart in 1b. Then match the picture 〔 a-h 〕 with the rules.
1b Listen and put an × for things Dave can’t do and a √for things he has to do. RulesCan’t (×) Have to/ Must (√) When ago out× on school nights see friends do his homework practice the guitar do the dishes watch TV help his mom make breakfast clean his room × × √ √ √ √ √
下面是 do 和名词搭配的几个例句： 1. Go and do your hair. 梳头 2. Do your teeth, please. 刷牙 3. Can you do the room now? 打扫房间 4. When is he coming to do the windows? 擦窗户
1c Listen again. Write when Dave has to follow the rules in the chart in 1b. Choose from the phrases in the box. on school nights every Saturday before dinner in the evening on school days after dinner after school every morning
RulesCan’t (×) Have to/ Must (√) When ago out× on school nights see friends do his homework practice the guitar do the dishes watch TV help his mom make breakfast clean his room on school days after class before dinner after dinner in the evening every morning every Saturday
1d Talk about the rules in Dave’s house. No, he can’t. Can Dave go out on school nights?
No, he can’t. Can Dave see friends on school days?
Yes, he can. Can Dave do his homework after class?
Yes, he can. Can Dave practice the guitar before dinner?
Every day I can hear my parents say, “Do your homework and no TV. Clean your room and don’t make it messy.” Rule, rules, there’ve got to be rules. Let me tell you, young child, you just cannot run wild.
Every day I can hear my teacher say, “Please arrive on time and don’t run behind. If you want to speak, raise your hand.” Rule, rules, there’ve got to be rules. Let me tell you, young child, you just cannot run wild.
2a When you are unhappy about something, who do you like to talk to? Why?
2b Read the letters. Underline the rules for Molly. Dear Dr. Know, There are too many rules! At 6:00 a.m., my mom says, “Get up now and make your bed!” After breakfast, my mom always says, “Don’t leave the dirty dishes in the kitchen!” After that, I run to school because I can’t be late. At school, we have more rules—don’t be noisy, don’t eat in class, …
My dad says I can’t play basketball after school because I must do my homework. I can play only on weekends. After dinner, I can’t relax either. I must read a book before I can watch TV. But I have to go to bed before 10:00. Rules, rules, rules! It’s terrible! What can I do, Dr. Know? Molly Brown, New York
Answer the questions. 1. Does Molly have to make her bed? 2. What does Molly have to do after school? 3. What time does Molly go to bed? 4. Does Dr. Know think the rules help Molly? Yes, she does. She has to do homework. She has to go to bed before 10:00. Yes, he does.
2c Read the letters again and complete the sentences with have to/ must, can or can’t. 1. Molly _______ play basketball on school days, but she ______ play it on weekends. 2. Molly ___________ do her homework first when she gets home. can’t can has to / must
3. Molly __________ read a book after dinner before she ______ watch TV. 4. At school, Molly _____ be noisy or eat in class. 5. Parents and schools make rules to help students. So students _____________ follow the rules. has to / must can’t have to / must can
1. before dinner 饭前 before prep. ＆ conj. 在 …… 之前 adv. 以前 before + 时间点 I’ll be free before 7 o’clock tomorrow. 我明天 7 点前会有空。
2. leave 作为动词，这里的意思是 “ 留 下；剩下 ” 。 Please leave the book on your desk. 请把书留在你们的课桌上。
3. either adv. “ 也 ” ，用于否定句句末， 可用逗号与语句的主题隔开。例如： My father can’t speak English. My mother can’t (speak it), either. 我爸爸不会讲英语，我妈妈也不会。
also ， too 和 either 辨析 also 是较正式的用语，语气较庄重。它 通常放在句中，位于行为动词之前，连 系动词之后；如有助动词或情态动词， 一般放在助动词或情态动词之后。例如 : Peter also has two brothers. I am also a student. Mrs. Green can also sing the song in Chinese.
too 是普通用词，多用于口语，语气较随便。 一般用在肯定句中，放在句末。 I'm in Row 1, too. 注意： also 和 too 一般都用于肯定句。 either 表示 “ 也 ” 时，一般只用于否定句，且 置于句末。 I don't know him. Tom doesn't know him, either. If you don't go there, he won't go there, either.
用 too ， also 或 either 填空。 I don’t like banana. He doesn’t like banana, ______. I'll go to see the film, _______. They _______ have fish shops in that small town ． either too also
4. feel v. 感受；觉得 “feel + 形容词 ” 感到 / 觉 …… Take a deep breath, and you will feel relaxed. 深深地吸一口气, 那样你会觉得轻松的。
The table ____ very smooth （光滑 的）. A. look B. turn C. feels D. smell C
5. a lot of things you can do 是一个名词短 语，句子 you can do 起着修饰、限定名 词 things 的作用。英语中当句子限定修 饰名词时要放在该名词之后。例如： There are a lot of songs you can sing. 有许多歌曲你可以唱。
6. follow v. 遵循；跟随 follow the rules 遵守规则 The little boy followed his father out. 小男孩跟随他父亲出去了。 He is an example for us to follow. 他是我们学习的典范。
follow a speaker’s words 听懂发言 人的讲话 follow a speech 听懂讲话 follow an idea 遵循一种想法 follow one’s father 继承父业 follow the river 沿河 follow the road 顺着这条路
Make a list of your family rules. 1.Get up before 6:20. 2.___________________ 3.___________________ 4.___________________ 5.___________________ 6.___________________ 7.___________________ 8.___________________