Skills for Health The WHO’s INFORMATION SERIES ON SCHOOL HEALTH DOCUMENT 9. http://www.who.int/school_youth_he alth/media/en/sch_skills4health_03.p df http://www.who.int/school_youth_he alth/media/en/sch_skills4health_03.p df
WHAT ARE SKILLS-BASED HEALTH EDUCATION AND LIFE SKILLS? Skills-based health education Life skills
How is skills-based health education implemented?
EXAMPLE Ⅰ Goal : Preventing health problems from the use of tobacco. Objectives : 1.reducing young people’s use of tobacco products 2.changing conditions that affect tobacco use 〈 smoke-free,cost,accessibility 〉
Content : (1) knowledge of the health risks of smoking (2) Awareness of the insidious tactics employed by the tobacco industry to persuade young people to use tobacco and make them addicted (3) Attitudes that afford protection against harming one’s health and the health of others (4) Critical thinking and decision-making skills to assist in choosing not to use tobacco; communication and refusal skills to withstand peer pressure; and skills to advocate for a smoke-free environment.
Methods : (1) a presentation that clearly and convincingly explains the harmful effects of tobacco and how companies use marketing to make tobacco use seem attractive. (2) a discussion and small group work using audio-visual materials to convey the dangers of smoking. (3 ) an exercise to research strategies that the tobacco industry uses to gain youth as replacement smokers. (4 ) role plays to practice refusal skills. (5) a school-wide activity to gain support for a smoke-free school environment.
EXAMPLE Ⅱ Goal : The rate of HIV infection among students will decrease. Objectives : (1)Students will demonstrate that they know how HIV is, and is not, transmitted; (2) Students will demonstrate the ability to resist pressure to have sex; (3)Students will demonstrate the ability to negotiate safer sex. Content : Methods :
What are participatory teaching methods? class discussions, brainstorming, demonstration and guided practice, role play,small groups, educational games and simulations, case studies, story telling debates, practicing life skills specific to a particular context with others audio and visual activities, decision mapping or problem trees