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Unit 1 Talking about the past(19)

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1 Unit 1 Talking about the past(19)
1.一般过去式的用 法 2规则动词的过去式 构成 3.不规则动词的过 去式的构成 4. 重点词汇讲解 5.其他课文内容

2 1.一般过去式的用法 I worked for 8 hours yesterday.(经历)
(1)在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。 时间状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982等。 例:Where did you go just now? I worked for 8 hours yesterday.(经历) I was a teacher before.(状态)

3 1.一般过去式的用法 Whenever he went during his visit, he was given a
(2)表示在过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。 例:When I was a child, I often go swiming in the pool. Whenever he went during his visit, he was given a warm welcome. 

4 1.一般过去式的用法 (3)一些固定句型: It is time for sb. to do sth 到……时间了,该……了
It is time sb. did sth. 时间已迟了,早该……了 例:It is time for you to go to bed. 你该睡觉了。 It is time you went to bed. 你早该睡觉了。 would (had) rather sb. did sth. 宁愿某人做某事 例:I'd rather you came tomorrow.

5 1.一般过去式的用法 (4)wish, wonder, think, hope 等用过去时,作试探性的询 问、请求、建议等。
例:I thought you might have some. 我以为你想要一些。

6 1.一般过去式的用法 (5)有些情况,实际上是过去发生的,但发生的时间不很 清楚,通常也用过去时。 例如: 我没想到你那么胖。
I didn't know you were so overweight.

7 1.一般过去式的用法 (6).谈到已故的人的情况时,多用过去时。 例如:Deng Xiaoping was a great man.
邓小平是个伟人 。

8 1.一般过去式的用法 (7).口语中,一般过去时有时用来代替一般现在 时,使语气变得婉转、客气一些,以表示尊重。
比较: I wondered if you can help me. Could you lend me your bike?

9 1.一般过去式的用法 注:一般过去式所表示的过去时间都与现在时间 不发生关系。因此,用一般过去式表示的动作或 状态都已成为过去,现在已不复存在。 例如:He lived in shanghai for 20 years. (现在不住在上海了。) He has lived in shanghai for 20 years. (可能还住在上海。)

10 2 规则动词的过去式构成 (1). 多数规则动词的过去式动词原形词尾+ed : ask-asked want-wanted

11 一、规则动词的过去式 (3). 规则动词以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音 字母,则先 双写最后一个辅音字母再加ed:如:
trip---tripped (4—). 以辅音字母加y结尾的规则动词,先变y为i再加 ed. 如: try---tried

12 一、规则动词的过去式 (5). 以元音字母加y结尾的规则动词不发生变化,直接 加ed. 如: play—played

13 3.不规则动词的过去式的构成 (1).把动词原形中的i改为a,变成过去式。如:
begin—began,drink—drank,give—gave,ring(按铃) —rang,sing—sang,sit—sat,swim—swam (2).把重读开音节中的i改为o,变成过去式。如: drive—drove,ride—rode,write—wrote

14 3.不规则动词的过去式的构成 (3)改动词原形中的aw /ow为ew,变成过去式。如 :
draw—drew[dru:],grow—grew,know—knew, throw—threw(动词show除外,show—showed) (4)动词原形中的e改为o,变成过去式。如: get—got,forget—forgot (5)动词原形中的ee改为e,变成过去式。如:   feed—fed,meet—met

15 3.不规则动词的过去式的构成 keep—kept,sleep—slept,sweep—swept (打扫)
(6)动词原形中的eep改为ept,变成过去式。如: keep—kept,sleep—slept,sweep—swept (打扫) (7)动词原形中的eak改为oke,变成过去式。如: break—broke,speak—spoke (8)动词原形中的ell改为old,变成过去式。如:  sell—sold,tell -told

16 3.不规则动词的过去式的构成 stand—stood,understand—understood
(9)动词原形中的an改为oo,变成过去式。如: stand—stood,understand—understood (10)以ought和aught结尾,且读音是[ :t]的过去式 。如: bring—brought,buy—bought, think—thought,catch—caught,teach—taught (11)以ould结尾且读音为[ud]的情态动词过去式。 如:   can—could,shall—should,will—would

17 3.不规则动词的过去式的构成 (12)把动词原形中的o改为a,变成过去式。 如: come—came, become—became
(13)在动词原形后加d或t变成过去式,并且发 生音变。如: hear—heard, say[sei]—said[sed], mean[mi:n]—meant[ment]

18 3.不规则动词的过去式的构成 (14)动词的过去式与动词原形一样。如: let—let,put—put,read—read[red]
(15)不符合上述规律的动词过去式。如: am,is—was,are—were,build—built,do—did, eat—ate,fall—fell,feel—felt,find—found,fly—flew, go—went,have /has— had,hold—held,leave—left, make—made,may—might,run—ran,see—saw,take— took

19 4.应知应会(重点词汇讲解): 1. not…until… not +动词 +until+具体时间:表示“直到…才…”如:
He did not come until 8:00. 他直到8点才来。 2. be in a mess l意思:乱七八糟(用于物或人) 例句: The office is in a mess. The hair of the manager is in a mess 3.stay late 待到很晚,熬夜 如:We often stay late because we have much work.

20 4. 应知应会(重点词汇讲解) 4.have a great time 过得很愉快 如:I hope everyone will have a great time. sb. with sth.帮某人做某事 She often helps me with the cooking. 她经常帮我收菜。 6.too…to 太…以致不能… 如:It is too expensive to buy. 7. be ready 准备好了, 如:The lunch is ready.该吃饭了。 8. talk to sb. 对某人说话,如:He is talking to her.

21 4.应知应会(重点词汇讲解) 9. the whole evening 整个晚上
We worked the whole evening.我熬了个通宵。 10. ask sb. for sth. 索要某物 如:I ask him for my book.

22 5.谈论过去 他曾经是我的邻居。 过去的就让它过去吧。 He used to be my neighbor. 过去我们家很穷。
Let bygones be bygones. In the past, my family was very poor.

23 5.谈论过去 那时我还没有剪短我的长发。 没有信用卡没有她 。 没有24小时热水的家。 可当初的我是多么快乐。
when I didn’t cut my long hair. I lived without credit or her. 没有24小时热水的家。 I had a home without 24-hour hot water. 可当初的我是多么快乐。 I was so happy at that time.

24 社会早去了温良恭俭的文化,而变成了紧张 1、 Future is bright. 2、 Things will be better.
现实社会 社会早去了温良恭俭的文化,而变成了紧张 的武化氛围,人人肋骨磨肋骨,撞得生疼,温暖 变成某种守株待兔等不来的东西。人像原始人一 样,赤身裸体生活在一个冰冷无比的世界里,冷 得要死,冻得生病,只能自己琢磨暖和起来的办 法,笨拙而试探性地开始钻木取火,过程漫长得 貌似徒劳,但有足够耐性就会有火星。 1、 Future is bright. 2、 Things will be better.

25 翻译: 昨天我们游泳了 昨天我忘了去上课了 他说他要去上班 我们昨天去购物了 We swam yesterday
Yesterday I forgot to attend the class He said he would go to work We went shopping yesterday

26 文章中的语法:定语从句 1这里有很多玛丽的朋友,以前我都不认识他们. 2.几乎所有受到邀请的人都来了
1 There are a lot of Mary’s friends that I didn’t know before. 2.Nearly all the people who were invited came.

27 需要记住的短语 1.go well 进展良好 如:Everything goes well. 一切都好。 away 离开
如:He is away, you will meet him tomorrow. live music 现场演奏 注意:这里的形容词live读音与表示“居住,生活”的动词live不同 4.fall over 摔倒

28 练习: 1.站在门口的那个人是我们的班长 2. 那个和你聊天的人是谁? 3. 这是我看过的最好的电影 4. 这是我工作过的地方
The person who is standing at the door is our monitor Who is the person that is chatting with you. This is the best film that I have seen . This is the place where I ever worked.

29 翻译句子 . Our room is so messy, let’s clear it up.
1. 我们的房间太乱了,收拾一下吧. 2. 我等你好几个小时了。 3.她即聪明又贤惠。 Our room is so messy, let’s clear it up. 2. I have waited for you for hours. 3. She is wise as well as virtuous. .

30 Thanks. See you next time!

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