2 The Subjunctive Mood hypotheses wishes 虚拟语气 If I were Andy Lou, I would be in Hong Kong now.I wish I were a millionaire.We suggest that everyone should help the AIDS patients.When to use the Subjunctive Mood in English?hypotheseswishessuggestion虚拟语气
3 The definition of the Subjunctive Mood 虚拟语气是一种特殊的动词形式(verb structure)，用来表示说话人所说的话不是一个事实 (fact)，而只是一种假设(hypotheses ) 愿望(wishes)、建议(suggestion) 或怀疑doubt等等。
4 虚拟语气应该注意的几点: 1.虚拟语气在条件句中 1)表示不太可能出现的情况”, 条件从句一般用过去时,主句用would do, should do 或 might /could do;2)表示“本可能发生却未发生的事情”， 条件从句用过去完成时，主句用would have done, should have done, might / could have done
5 The old men would find it difficult to get a job if they left the farm. I should be surprised if it was less than five pounds.If I frightened those birds, they might fly off and I would never see them again.If I were you, I would accept the office.
6 If I were asked to define my mood, I’d say “bored”. If he had taken his doctor’s advice, he might not have died so soon.If he had realized that, he would have run away while there was still time.If she had not married, she could have become special in the filed.
7 If it should rain tomorrow, the sports meet would have to be put off. 2.虚拟语气在条件句也可用来表示“将来不太可能出现的情况”， 条件从句用 should do, were to 或一般过去时，主句用 would do, should do, could/might do.If it should rain tomorrow, the sports meet would have to be put off.I could see the surface of the moon with my own eyes if I were to go to the moon some day.What would you do if he failed to come tomorrow?
8 If there should be another flood, what shall we do? Ask her to leave a message if she should come.
9 Were it all true, it would still not excuse their actions. 3. 在正式英语文体中，if 从句中的第一个动词如果是should, were 或 had, 可将此动词置于句首，替代 if．例如：Were it all true, it would still not excuse their actions.Had the captain been more careful, his ship would not have sunk.Should any visitors come, I would say you are not here.
10 If only I had more time, I could go there to help them. 4. if only 和 suppose (supposing), 也可以引导虚拟从句．If only I had more time, I could go there to help them.Supposing it were fine tomorrow, would you go climbing the mountain with us?
11 5. If it were not / had not been for… 也是常见的虚拟句型，意思是“要不是…” 例如： If it had not been for your help, we would not have achieved so much in our work.If it were not for the wise decision, We could not be living a happy life.
12 I wish I knew how to operate this computer. I wish he weren’t so lazy. 6. 虚拟语气用于I wish… 的宾语从句中：表示现在时间，动词用一般过去时和过去进行时 (be动词用were /was)．表示过去时间，动词用过去完成时和过去完成进行时．表示将来时间，动词用 would/ could 等+动词原形I wish I knew how to operate this computer.I wish he weren’t so lazy.I do wish everything would be as quiet as before.
13 I wish he hadn’t been working overtime yesterday. 注意：这里I wish… 所表达的意思与 if only…差不多．以上的句子都可以用if only 来代替 I wish 例如：If only I knew how to operate this computer.If only we hadn’t been working overtime yesterday.
14 It is high time we began to work. 7. It’s (about/high) time +从句，表示“该做而未做的事”，是一种婉转的建议，从句中的动词用一般过去时 例如：It is high time we began to work.We’ve enjoyed the evening, but it’s time we went home.It’s about time the boy learned to behave himself.
15 He insisted that John (should) do the job. 8. 表示“要求、建议、命令” 等动词demand, require, suggest, insist, advise, order 等后接宾语从句时，从句谓语动词一般用虚拟语气，即should + 动词原形（do/be done), should 也可以省略．例如：He insisted that John (should) do the job.We suggest that the meeting (should) not be postponed.The union demanded that the wages (should) be raised by 20%.
17 例如： He insisted that I was wrong. (这儿 insist 意思是“坚持认为”） The expression on her face suggests that she knows the secret. （这儿 suggest 意思是“表明”
18 1. If he had not lost his money, he ___ the piano last week. A would buy B had boughtC bought D could have bought2. If we were to be 200 years old, we ___ everything.A will change B can changeC could change D changed
19 3 If you __ that film last night, you would not be so sleepy now. A didn’t see B haven’t seenC wouldn’t seen D hadn’t seen4 You are late. If you __ a little minutes earlier, you __ him.A came, would meetB had come, would have metC came, would have metD were to come, would meet
20 5 But for the storm, we __ a pleasant journey. A should have B have hadC would have D should have had6 ___ to do the work, I should do it some other day.A If were I B I wereC Were I D Was I
21 7 Without the computer, the problem __ in such a short time. A couldn’t be solvedB wouldn’t have solvedC couldn’t have been solved8 Without electricity, human life __ quite different today.A will be B were to beC would be D is
22 9. You are very selfish. It’s high time you _______ you are not the most important person in the world,” Edgar said to his boss angrily.A have realized B realizedC realize D should realize10. I wish I ____ longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to classA could have slept B sleptC might have slept D have slept