# 高考基础知识训练 听力、单选、完形 黄子华.

## Presentation on theme: "高考基础知识训练 听力、单选、完形 黄子华."— Presentation transcript:

6.隐含意思、推理判断。

1.时间、数字及计算 提问方式一般是：When...? At what time...?
On which day...? How many hours...? What is sb's house number? What is sb's telephone number? How long...?等。

2.地点、方向。 1.对话中涉及到几个地点，试题就某一个地点提问；
2.对话发生在未明说的某一特定地点，要求考生根据话题、对话内容判断其地点。方向题的考点是某一说话人问路或说话者准备去哪儿。提问方式是: Where...?

A. An office. B. A fruit shop. C. A police station. 分析：这个较长对话中虽然也提到police station和fruit shop，但女士开头说："I think I'm close to your office"，然后男士在电话中告诉她怎么走，最后说："And our office building is right across the road."由此可知，女士要去一个办公室。答案是A。

3.职业、身份与人物关系。 设题方式有：Who are the speakers?
What is the (possible/probable) relationship between the speakers?

考生在听录音时 一要注意对话双方说话的口气， 二要注意对话的地方， 三要注意所做的工作(由此可判断其职业)。如双方口气热情、随和，则一般为朋友、同学等关系。如一方直言，另一方小心谨慎，则很可能为上下级关系。

4. 建议、行动、计划。 提问方式常见的有：What did...do? What are/is...doing?
What will...be doing? What is sb's plan for? 等。

策略： 答案可能从录音中直接得出，也可能要从对话的话题、具体内容中分析、判断出来，故要静心细听，捕捉相关的具体信息，善于思考。

What are the two speakers doing?
A. Enjoying meeting each other. 　　B. Saying good-bye to each other. 　　C. Planning to see each other. 录音：M: Well, I'd better go home now. It's been great seeing you again. 　　W: Oh, it was nice seeing you too. 　　分析：男士讲到要回家了，双方的其它话语是告别用语，故答案为B。

5.目的、原因、结果。 此类试题要求考生就录音内容对某人做某事的目的、产生某结果的原因、某事可能导致什么结果做出判断。
此类试题要求考生就录音内容对某人做某事的目的、产生某结果的原因、某事可能导致什么结果做出判断。 常见提问方式有：What is the purpose/aim of...? Why...?等。

策略：要善于分析，注意事件与事件间的联系。 　Why did the speaker get a parking ticket? 　　A. His car was parked for too long. 　　B. His car took up too much space. 　　C. He left his car in a wrong place. 　　分析：独白前半部分讲到"So I had to park on the grass, and hoped that I would not get a parking ticket."由此可见是因为车子停错了地方才得到parking ticket的。答案是C。

6.隐含意思、推理判断。 提问方式一般有：What do we know about...?
6.隐含意思、推理判断。 提问方式一般有：What do we know about...? What can we learn about...? What is...? What does sb's think about...? What is sb's problem?等。

What do we know about the mother and son?
A. She wants to tell him the result of the game. B. She doesn't like him to watch TV. C. She knows which team he supports. 　　分析：儿子说要通过录像带(tape)看足球赛，叫母亲别告诉他结果，母亲说："OK. But you're not going to like it.""不喜欢它"暗示儿子支持的队没有赢，这说明母亲知道儿子是哪个队的球迷，故选C。

Part 2 informational listening 听前预测---学会预测就是在为自己降低难度。 多练习听长段对话或独白，

1 创设语境法 --Do you have anything ____ .?
--Oh, thank you, I can manage it myself. to do B. to be done C. doing D. do

2 设置干扰 打乱句式 The officer gave orders that anyone __a gun should be reported to the police station. A saw take B. seen taking C. seeing take D. seen taken

2 设置干扰 -----加入插入语 —We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time.
2 设置干扰 加入插入语 —We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time. —What do you suppose ______ to her ? A was happening B. to happen C. has happened D. having happened

Who do you think ___us a talk this afternoon? A. to give　　 B. gave
C. will give　　 D. giving 分析: you think是一个插入语。如果把它去掉，那么答案C也就变得十分清楚了。

2 设置干扰 ----利用形近义近 A．in all B．above all C．after all D．at all
2 设置干扰 利用形近义近 I’d like to buy a house----modern ,comfortable, and _______ in a quiet neighborhood. A．in all B．above all C．after all D．at all

3 思维定势 Not far from the club there was a garden,
___ owner seated in it playing bridge with his children every afternoon. whose B. its C. which D. that

3 思维定势 Wang ling was elected ____ all he is the tallest.
A. because B. because of C. for D. as

4 汉英差异 When we got to the top of the
mountain the sun was rising ____ the east. to B. from C. in D. at

Mr. Smith used to smoke but he has given it up . 　 　A. seriously B. heavily C. badly D. hardly (按照汉语习惯，同学们可能要选A或Ｃ，而正确选项是：＿B＿＿． )

5. 在各题型训练中注意语言知识点的归纳

3. 熟练扎实的词汇和语法知识。注重在语境中考查词义的这一试题特点，反映了“强调应用，注重交际”的命题原则。

I started surfing about five years ago and in love with the sport on the very first day. A. stayed B. came C. dropped D. fell

She had no money for her 54 and had to sleep in her car
She had no money for her  54  and had to sleep in her car. Then she had to sell her car. （2005北京春） A. block            B. cottage          C. building          D. flat 四个词均为名词，只有联系上下文，并且真正知道这4个词的区别，才能确定为D。

Well, then, suppose my auto-repair man 41 designed questions for some intelligence tests. By every one of them I’d prove myself a fool . In a world where I have to work with my , I' d do poorly. (NMET 2002) A. brains B. effort C. hands D. attention 根据前文作者自述在智力测试中的优异表现以及和my auto repairman 的对比，可知这里指动手能力，因而C项为正确答案。

My cousin must have made an effort to get himself into shape
My cousin must have made an effort to get himself into shape. ____, at the point in our game when I'd predicted the score to be about 9 to 1 in my favor … (NMET 2003) A. After all B. As a result C. Above all D. At last 此处有出人意料之意，而且表示结果，故B项符合行文逻辑。

4. 复读全文，全盘考虑，调整答案；