Presentation on theme: "Chapter6 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Speaking Make dialogues about storybooks in pairs. S1: Excuse me. Do you like reading storybooks? S2: Of course."— Presentation transcript:
Make dialogues about storybooks in pairs. S1: Excuse me. Do you like reading storybooks? S2: Of course. I enjoy reading storybooks very much. What about you? S1: Me too. Well, how many English storybooks have you read? Cinderella, The Three Little Pigs, Little Ugly Duck S2: I have read about 20 famous storybooks, such as Cinderella, The Three Little Pigs, Little Ugly Duck and so on.
Harry PotterCinderella S1: Which ones do you love best? Can you tell me the names of the books and their authors? S2: Mmh, Harry Potter and Cinderella are my favourite storybooks. The authors are J.K. Rowling and Walt Disney. S1: Where can we borrow English storybooks? S2:We can borrow them from school library.
S1:Where can we buy them? S2:You’d better go to the book center to buy them. There are plenty of storybooks for you to choose. S1:Do you have any English storybooks at home? S2:Of course. S1:Can I borrow them? S2:Certainly. You can have what you want. S1:Thank you very much. S2: It’s my pleasure.
---What are they doing? ---They are painting the fence red. ---How long is the fence? ---It’s about eight yards long. (It’s a eight-yard-long fence.)
---Who does he do? ---He is a ______. He is ____ ____ money. ---What do you think of _____s? ---I don’t like them. They try to ____ money without efforts( 努力，汗水）. beg-begged-begged 乞求；请求 beggar n. 乞丐 beg for sth. gain=get; obtain 获得 ; 赚得
measure v. 测量 n. 措施；方法 take measures 采取措施 The seller is measuring the length of the customer’s trouser. 失业男人 the umemployed 政府已答应采取措施来帮助失业者。 The government promised to take measures to help the unemployed.
joyful / joy Granny is _______. After she heard the good news, she smiled with ______. Her face is full of ____.
A What do you know about…? The story on the next page is set in a small town in the middle of the USA in the 1830s. Look at the pictures below. Which of these things did people have in the USA at that time? 在 19 世纪 30 年代 在那时
The gun _______ is hold in the man’s hands is a_____. rifle n. 步枪, 来复枪 rifle that/which Please use “that/which” to fill the blanks
My God! What is themonster _________is floating in the river? steamboat 汽船 that/which
The _____that/which the farmers drive is used to carry food. cart n. 运货马车，手推车 cart
Look at the title and scan the story on the next page. Then answer these questions. 1.This story comes from a book. What is the name of the book? 2.What is the name of the writer? 3.How long and high was the fence? B Find the facts The Adventures of Sawyer. Mark Twain. It was thirty yards long and three yards high.
4.What did Tom get that day? 5.What was the name of Tom’s aunt? Tom got an apple, a kite, twelve marbles and a cake. Polly.
Read through the passage again to answer the following questions. 1.Why was Tom Sawyer unhappy on Saturday morning? 2.What did Ben give Tom for a chance of painting? Because his aunt asked him to paint the fence. Ben gave Tom an apple.
3.Tom gave Ben his brush with worry on his face because ______. A.he was trying to fool Ben. B.he did not want Ben to paint the fence. C.he was afraid of Ben. D.he loved painting the fence very much. 4.We can tell from the story that Tom _____. A.is a hardworking boy. B.is an honest boy. C.is a clever boy. D.is a bad-tempered boy. A C
C1 1.c 2.a 3.c 4.c 5.a 6.c 7.c 8.b C2 1.begged 2.passed by 3.while 4.joy 5.heart C Find the meanings
D1 1.a 2.b 3.b 4.a 5.b 6.b D2 1.The fence. 2.Painting (the fence). 3.Tom’s words. 4.Ben’s apple. D Read and think
Important Phrases 1.encourage sb. to do sth. 2.a book called The Adventures of Tom Sawyer 3.on Saturday morning 3.paint the fence 4.have/has to do sth. 5.thirty yards long 6.three yards high 7.come along 8.make fun of sb. 9.pick up 10.go swimming 鼓励某人做某事 一本名叫汤姆历险记的书 漆围墙 不得不做某事 30 码长 3 码高 出现；一道走 取笑某人 =laugh at sb. 拾起 去游泳
Important Phrases 11.get a chance 12.go on doing sth. 13.get interested in (doing) sth. 14.after a while 15.do some painting 16.half of 17.in one’s heart 18.pass by 19.get tired 20.so+adj./adv.+that+clause 获得一次机会 继续做某事 =continue doing sth. 对 … 感兴趣 过一会儿（不久） 上漆；作画 一半 在某人的心里 经过；路过 感觉疲备 如此 … 以致于 …
1.Joyce wanted to encourage students to read more famous books. Joyce 想鼓励同学们多读名著。 encourage v. 鼓励；鼓舞 ; 促进 encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb. in sth. 在 … 方面鼓励某人 My parents often encourage me to study hard. Don’t encourage him in laziness. We must encourage her in her studies.
2.On Saturday morning, every boy in town was happy, except Tom Sawyer. 周六早上, 镇上的每个男孩都兴高采烈的, 除了 Tom Sawyer. except 除 … 之外 ( 介词 ) 比较 :besides, except, except for I have some other friends besides Lily. ( 除 … 之外 ( 还有 )) Everyone is here except Tom. ( 除了 … 之外 ( 没有 )) He is a good father except for bad temper. ( 除去 …( 部分 ))
3.He sang happily, with an apple in one hand. 他欢快地哼着小曲, 手里还拿着一个苹果。 with an apple in one hand 表示一种伴随状态 with 的复合结构经常用于表示某人或某物的 行为方式或伴随情况。 1)with+ 名 / 代 + 形容词 He left the room with the door open. Don’t talk with your mouth full. 2)with+ 名词 / 代词 + 副词 With the radio on, Grandma slept deeply in the chair.
3)with+ 名词 / 代词 + 动词的过去分词 The man stood there with his hands crossed. 4)with+ 名词 / 代词 + 动词不定式 With this book to help you, you can finish your work faster. 5)with+ 名词 / 代词 + 介词短语 The teacher came in the classroom with a book in her hand.
4.Oh, but you have to work, don’t you? 噢，但是你不得不干活，不是吗？ 反意疑问句：可用来确定自己的判断，获取 真实的信息，还可以用来表示惊讶、愤怒等 感情。 结构：前面肯定后面否定，前面否定后面肯定 He is going home by plane, ______ he? They went to the movies, ______they? Everything seems all right, ______ it? isn’t didn’t doesn’t
4.Oh, but you have to work, don’t you. 噢，但是你不得不干活，不是吗？ 反意疑问句：可用来确定自己的判断，获取 真实的信息，还可以用来表示惊讶、愤怒等 感情。 结构：前面肯定后面否定，前面否定后面肯定 He is going home by plane, ______ he? They went to the movies, ______they? Everything seems all right, ______ it? isn’t didnt’ doesn’t
注意祈使句的反意疑问句： Let’s meet at the school gate, ______ ______? Let us meet at the school gate, ______ _____? Please don’t play fires, _______ _______? shall we will you 5.Tom went on painting. 汤姆继续刷漆。 go on doing sth.=go on with sth. 继续做同一件事 go on to do sth. 继续做另一件事 After a rest, we went on having our lessson. =After a rest, we went on with our lesson.
stop doing 停止做某事 stop to do 停下来做另一件事 go on doing 继续做同一件事 go on to do 继续做另一件事 1.Stop ___ and listen to the teacher. A.talk B. to talk C. talking D. talked 2.After a while, he went on ____. A. painting B. to paint C. painted D. paints 3.Mrs. Wang is an English teacher, ____ ____? 4.Miss Zheng will never forget her first visit to Canada, _____ _______? 5.Don’t smoke in the meeting-room, ____ _____? 6.He knew he was right, ______ _______? 7.He doesn’t think it is a good idea, ____ ______? isn’t she will she will you didn’t he is it
On Saturday morning, every boy in town was happy, _________ Tom Sawyer. Tom’s aunt said he had to _______ the fence. Tom painted a small corner, and began to take a rest under a tree. Soon the boys _______ were free came along and ______________ him. Then he had a wonderful idea. He picked up his brush and went back to work. Just then, Ben Rogers ______ the road.He sang happily, _______ an apple in one hand.He made fun of Tom. TOm said it was fun to paint the fence. Ben was getting more and more interested. except paint who made fun of came along with
After a while, he asked Tom to let him do some painting. Tom refused him by saying ‘I’m the only one _______ can do it right.’ Ben begged for a long a time and promised to give Tom half of his apple and then all of it. At last Tom gave Ben his brush with ________ on his face but _______ in his heart. All day, boys ______ and wanted to paint. By the afternoon, Tom had many toys, and the fence had three coats of paint. Aunt Polly was pleased to see the painted fence and gave Tom a large cake! that worry joy passed by
Language Relative clauses with who, that and which
relative clauses about people start with who or that. Soon the boys who/that were free would come along and make fun of him. I’m the only one that can do it right. I met a woman who/that can speak six language.
I met a woman. She can speak six languages. she who/that I met a woman who/that can speak language. That is Lang Lang. He plays the piano very well. he who/that That is Lang Lang who plays the piano very well.
He is Xiao Shenyang. He is a crosstalk performer. He is Xiao Shenyang who/that is a crosstalk performer. he who/that
Can you see the little girl? She is stealing the woman’s cell phone. She who Can you see the girl who is stealing the woman’s cell phone?
The section that/which was painted was so small. He gave Tom a kite that/which he liked for a chance to paint the fence. relative clauses about things start with which or that.
Jim was wearing a hat. It was too big for him. it which/that Jim was wearing a hat that/which is too big for him. I love the car. It looks very funny. it which/that I love the car which/that looks very funny.
These are police dogs. They help police seize the criminal. they which/that These are police dogs which/that help police seize the criminal.
I want to have this laptop. It costs 6,000 yuan. it which/that I want to have this laptop which/ that costs 6,000 yuan.
Answers A 2 the only one 3 a kite B 1 who/that 2 which/that 3 who/that 4 which/that 5 who/that 6 which/that
C 1. S1 What’s this thing? S2 It’s called an electric light. S1 What does it do? S2 It’s a thing which/that gives you light at any time. S1 That’s amazing! 2. It’s called a car. It’s a machine which/that can carry you almost anywhere.
3 It’s called a telephone. It’s a thing which/that lets you talk to people far away. 4It’s called a lift. It’s a thing which/that carries you up or down in a building. 5 It’s called a helicopter. It’s a machine which/that flies in the air.
D2 1 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is Tom Sawyer. He’s the boy Who was in the graveyard with Hucklebgerry Finn. 2 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is HUckleberry Finn. He’s the boy who is Tom’s best friend. 3 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is Horse Williams. He’s the man who died a few days ago.
D2 4 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is Doctor Robinson. He’s the man who was killed. 5 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is Muff Potter. He’s the man who was knocked out by the doctor. 6 S1 Who’s this? S2 This is Injun Joe. He’s the man who killed the doctor.
Complete the sentences below with the relative pronouns who or which. 1.He is the preson ______ helped me. 2.That’s the computer ______ broke down. 3.We’re not the students ______ won the the bad- minton match. 4.It’s the dog ______ lives in our block of flats. 5.They’re the socks ______ are on sale this week. 6.He’s the person ______ is waiting for a taxi. 7.This is the trian _______ goes to Shenzhen. 8.This the the road _______ leads to the Book City. who which who which who which
Join the sentences below with who for people and which for animals and things. Delete any unnecessary words. For example 1.November is a month. It is often cool and sunny. November is a month which is often cool and sunny.
2.May and June are the girls. They play badminton every Saturday and Sunday. 3.This is a cat. It had a fight with another cat. 4.This is the teacher. He teaches Grade Nine. May and June are the girls who play badminton every Saturday and Sunday. This is a cat which had a fight with another cat. This is the teacher who teaches Grade nine.
5.That is the shop. It sells cheap computer software. 6.TVC is the television channel. It shows the news at 9:30 p.m. That is the shop which sells cheap computer software. TVC is the television channel which shows the news at 9:30 p.m.
定语从句（ Attributive Clauses ） 在句中做定语，修饰一个名词或代词，被 修饰的名词或代词即 先行词 。 Soon the boys who/that were free would come along and make fun of him. 定语从句通常在先行词之后, 由 关系词 （关系代词或关系副词）引出。 关系代词有： who, that, which, whom, whose 。关系副词有： when, where, why.
定语从句总表 关系代词 作用 先行词 例句 that,who 主语 Do you know the girl who/that whom( 宾语 ) 宾语 人 is wearing a red coat? 表语 I don’t know the girl who/that whom you are waiting for. that 主语 She can’t find the pen that/which which 宾语 物 I lent to her. 表语 The school that/which we visited is very beautiful. The section that was painted was so small.
定语从句总表 关系代词 作用 先行词 例句 whose 谁的 定语 人 / 物 The boy whose mother is a businesswoman studies very hard. The house whose window is is red is mine. when= on which 状语 时间 I still remember the day when we first met. where= 状语 地点 This is the factory where my in/at which father works. why= 状语 原因 Do you know the reason why he for which was late?
Difficulties 难点 1.I found the purse __ there was a lot of money. A. that B. which C.in that D. in which 解题步骤 :1. 理解句意, 确定先行词 2. 分析先行词在从句中充当的成分并确定答案 2.The castle ______ we visited last week is very beautiful. A. that B. in which C. where D. in that there was a lot of money in the purse( 地点状语 ) we visited the castle ( 宾语 )
Difficulties 难点 3.Jane lives in the flat ___ windows are broken. A.which B. where c. that D. whose 4.The boy _____ father is a worker studies very hard. 5.Wang Shi is an estate businessman ____ loves climbing. A. who B. whom C. he D. which 6.The man to ______ I nodded is Professor Li. the flat’s( 定语 ) windows are broken the boy’s( 定语 ) father is a worker the businessman( 作主语 ) loves climbing I nodded to the man( 作宾语 ) 介词 +whom whom
7.I am the only one ______ can do it right. 8.This is the best film ______I have ever seen. 9.All ______ is needed is a supply of oil. 10.Take care of the boy and the dog ____ are crossing the streetl. A. which B. who C. that D. whom 11.Finally, the thief handed everything____ he had stolen to the police. A.Which B. what C. whatever D. that 12.Who is the woman___ was talking to Miss Li? A. he b. that C. whom D. which 只能用 that 的情况 : 1. 先行词是不定代词 all, everything,nothing,anything, much,little, few 等时 2. 先行词被 all,every,any, no,little much 修饰时 3. 先行词被序数词及最高级修饰时 4. 先行词被 the only,the very,the last,the last 修饰时 5. 当有两个或两个以上表示人和物的先行词时 6. 主句以 who,what,which 开头的特殊疑问句时 that
8.In the street I met the scientist ______ gave us a talk last week. A.he B. which C. who D. what 9.That’s the only thing ___ can’t be forgotten in my life. A.that B. which C. who D./ 10.New York, ______ I visited last year, is a nice city. A. which B. where c. when D. it