话题 Ⅰ. 大学生话题 大学生话题：主要涉及大学生的校园学习、生活、择业及人生观等方面 A. 学习： On Students’ Selecting Lecturers （ 2006, 6 New ） Is A Test of Spoken English Necessary ？ （ 2000, 6 ） How I Finance My College Education ？ （ 2000, 1 ） Reading Selectively or Extensively ？ （ 1999, 6 ） How I Overcame My Difficulties in Learning English ？ （ 1992, 6 ） B. 生活： Volunteers Needed （ 2006, 6 Old ） Teachers’ Day （ 2005, 6 ） A Campaign Speech （ 2005, 1 ） The Day My Classmate Fell Ill/Got Injured （ 2003,9 ） A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus. （ 2002, 1 ） C. 择业、人生观： How to Succeed in a Job Interview （ 2001, 1 ） Advantages of a Job Interview （ 1995, 6 ） My Ideal Job （ 1994, 6 ） Is Failure a Bad Thing ？ （ 1992, 1 ）
Ⅱ. 社会热点话题 社会热点话题：与普通百姓社会生活紧密相关的话题，如：环境 话题、交通话题、休闲娱乐、疾病与健康等话题。 An Eye-Witness Account of a Traffic Accident （ 2003, 6 ） It Pays to Be Honest （ 2003, 1 ） Don’t Hesitate to Say “No” （ 1999, 1 ） Do “Lucky Numbers” Really Bring Good Luck ？ （ 1998, 6 ） Harmfulness of Fake Commodities （ 1998, 1 ） Global Shortage of Fresh Water （ 1996, 6 ） Can Money Buy Happiness ？ （ 1995, 1 ） The World is Getting Smaller and Smaller （ 1994, 1 ） My Most Favorite Program （ 1993, 6 ） Positive and Negative Aspects of Sports （ 1993, 1 ） Changes in People’s Diet （ 1991, 6 ） Bicycles —— An Important Means of Transport in China （ 1991, 1 ） Make Our City Greener （ 1990, 6 ） Ⅲ. 大学生和社会热点话题 Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourist ？（ 2005, 12 ） The Two-Day Weekend （ 1996, 1 ）
结构：常用的 “ 启、承、转、合 ” 表达方法 1 ． “ 启 ” 。 按顺序： First, Firstly, First of all, At first, In the first place, In the beginning, To begin with, To start with, For one thing, On the one hand 当前： Now, At present, recently, lately, 一般而言： In general, generally speaking, as a matter of fact 2 ． “ 承 ” 。 按顺序： second, secondly, beside this, in addition, furthermore, moreover, what is more, 举例子： for example/instance, as an example, as another example; namely, 换言之： in other words, in particular, 扩展： after that, afterwards, from now on, similarly, meanwhile, at the same time, 3 ． “ 转 ” 。 转折： but, yet, however, nevertheless, though, although, despite, in spite of, on the contrary, unlike, on the other hand, 4 ． “ 合 ” 。 结尾 : In conclusion; In short; In summary; Therefore; Thus; To sum up; To conclude; consequently, To summarize; Briefly; Above all; As a result; at last; eventually; accordingly;
语言： 1. 词汇替换 认为： assume / argue / hold / claim / suggest / declare / say / believe / insist/ maintain /suppose that in my opinion/in my view/in my point of view/as far as I know/as far as I ’ m concerned/ as for me 重要的： important/significant/be of great value/be of great significance/be of great use 很多： many, a multitude of, an army of, an ocean of, A great / large / huge / considerable / significant / noticeable number / amount/ quantity / portion of 越来越多 more and more/ a growing number of /an increasing number of/on the rise 大多的： the (vast / overwhelming) majority of 人： people-----folks, individuals, characters 支持 / 反对者： followers/ objectors, be in favor of the idea that
2. 插入语 Apparently ， evidently ， however, surely, indeed, briefly, fortunately,amazingly ， undoubtedly most important of all,even worse,strange enough, after all, to one ’ s surprise, to be exact, roughly speaking, in other words, as a matter of fact,
3. 具体化 generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm hearted, hospitable good ： favorable, pleasurable, excellent, outstanding, perfect, etc. bad ： unfavorable, harmful, adverse, poisonous,etc.
Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at an Elingsh uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoetnt tihng is taht frist and lsat ltteer is at the rghit pclae. The rset can be a toatl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae we do not raed ervey lteter by itslef but the wrod as a wlohe. 二：快速阅读部分
正确拼写的内容： According to a research at an English university, it doesn't matter what order the letter of the word are, the only important thing is that the first and last letter is at the right place. The rest can be a total mess and you can still read it without problem. That's because we do not read every letter by itself but the word as a whole. 中文翻译： 一个英国大学研究表明，英语单词的字母顺序并不重 要。一般而言只要单词的第一个和最后一个字母位置 正确，其他的再混也能读懂。因为我们阅读的时候看 的是单词的整体而不是单词的每个字母。
1.What bothered Tiffany during an interview with her candidate? A)He just wouldn ’ t look her in the eye. B)He was slow in answering her questions. C)His answers to some of her questions were irrelevant. D)His answers to some of her questions were irrelevant.
As a manager, Tiffany is responsible for interviewing applicants for some of the positions with her company. During one interview, she noticed that the candidate never made direct eye contact. She was puzzled and somewhat disappointed because she liked the individual otherwise.
2. Tiffany ’ s misjudgment about the candidate stemmed from ______. A) Racial stereotypes. B) Cultural ignorance C) Invalid personal bias. D) Emphasis on physical appearance
“ It wasn ’ t until I attended a diversity workshop that I realized the person we passed over was the perfect person, ” Tiffany confesses. What she hadn ’ t known at the time of the interview was that the candidate ’ s “ different ” behavior was simply a cultural misunderstanding. He was an Asian-American raised in a household where respect for those in authority was shown by averting( 避开 ) your eyes.
3. What is becoming essential in the course of economic globalization according to the author? A) Hiring qualified technical and management personnel. B) Increasing understanding of people of other cultures. C) Constantly updating knowledge and equipment. D) Expanding domestic and international markets.
Many of us have had similar encounters with behaviors we perceive as different. As the world becomes smaller and our workplaces more diverse, it is becoming essential to expand our under-standing of others and to reexamine some of our false assumptions.
4. What kind of organization is Mindsets LLC? A) A real estate agency. B) A personnel training company. C) A cultural exchange organization. D) A hi-tech company
At a time when hiring qualified people is becoming more difficult,employers who can eliminate invalid biases( 偏爱 ) from the process have a distinct advantage.My company, Mindsets LLC,helps organizations and individuals see their own blind spots. A real estate recruiter we worked with illustrates the positive difference such training can make.
三：听力理解 8 short conversations(8) 2 long conversations(3+4) 3 passages (3+3+4) Compound dictation (8+3)
Short Conversations keywords ， prediction Long Conversations and Passage 同义替换，细节题，转折词，先纵后横，开头原则 Compound dictation
What does the man/woman mean? Who is the woman talking to? What does the man/woman imply? What can we learn from the conversation? What can be inferred/concluded from the conversation? What do we learn from the man ' s/woman ' s response? What had the man/woman previously assumed?