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Published byAron Willis Modified 6年之前
What do the road signs mean? walk straight on turn left turn right traffic lights crossroads zebra crossing
We can cross the road at the zebra crossing. We can walk across the road at the zebra crossing. across : preposition of movement
across Here are some prepositions of movement: 意为从一边到另一边 “ 横过 ” 、 “ 穿过 ” ， 相当于 from one side to the other. 如： Be careful when you walk across the street. 过马路时你应小心。
along along 意为 “ 沿着，循着 ” 如： We walk along the road. 我们沿着路 走。 That car drove along the river. 那辆车沿着那条河向前行驶。
over “ 越过, 、从 … 上边过去 ” The boy climbed over the wall. 那孩子爬过了墙。 There is a bridge over the river. 河上有座桥。
from 介词，意思是 “ 从 ……” 、 “ 距 ” 、 “ 离 ” 、 “ 来自 …” 表示时间，地点的起始和来源。 I got a letter from my brother. 我收到了我弟弟的来信。 I came to Nanjing from Hangzhou. 我从杭州来到南京。
to “ 向、往、到 ” I walk to school every day. 我每天步行到校. She will fly to Beijing in an hour. 她将在一小时后飞往北京。
up 可以作介词和副词，意为 “ 往上 ” ， “ 向 … 上 ”. He climbed up a mountain. 他爬上了山。 He walked up the stairs. 他从楼梯往上走.
down 做副词，表示从高处往下。 “ 向 … 下 ” 或 “ 沿着 … 往下 ” 。如： The sun went down. 太阳落山了。 The ship sails down the river. 那艘船顺流而下。
through 表示 “ 通过 ” 、 “ 穿过 ( 空间） ” 。 The hunter walked through the forest. 猎人穿过的森林。 The moonshine got through the window. 月光透过窗户。
round 介词，意思是 “ 环绕 ” 、 “ 围绕 ” 。如： The earth moves round the sun. 地球围绕太阳运行。 He’s traveling round the world. 他正在进行环球旅行。
Simon is swimming ___________ the pool. across Prepositions of movement can help us describe the pictures :
Sandy is going _________ the library. to
A train is going __________ a tunnel. through
Millie is walking __________ the road.along
Kitty is climbing ________ the hill.up
Hobo is walking __________ the table. round
Eddie is jumping _________ the chair. over
Daniel is walking _________ the stairs. down
Amy is walking _____ the sofa to the window.from
go through a tunnel walk down the stairs jump over the chair We use prepositions of movement __________(before,after) the verbs. Work out the rule! after
Language points (1)cross 动词 across 介词 It’s dangerous for an old man to walk across the road only by himself. Look at the traffic lights carefully before you cross the street.
(2) across 通过，从 ----- 上面越过，跨过 through 通过，从 ---- 中间穿过 She swam across the Strait of Dover. She went across the bridge. A ship is going through the high bridge. The children couldn't go through the forest.
(3) cross over 都是从 ----- 上面越过, 不同 在于前者接触, 后者不接触。 A plane is flying over our heads. Be careful when you walk across the road.
Complete the conversation. Neil: Hi, Simon. Can you tell me the way to Sunshine Town Railway Station from Sunnyside Shopping Mall ? Simon: Sure. To go _____ Sunshine Town Railway Station,walk ________ North Road and _____the steps to Sunshine Park. Then walk _______ Sunshine Park and _____ the steps at the other side of the park. When you come out of Sunshine Park, you’ll see a bridge over a small river. Walk ______ the bridge to South Road and then turn left. Walk ______ South Road. You’ll see Sunshine Town Railway Station on your right. to alongdown across up over along
Grammar Ⅰ．位移介词 across, along, over, to, up, down, through, round, from 用正确的介词填空 1. Look! There is a cat climbing ______ a tree. 2. My grandma walks _______ the lake to exercise herself every morning. 3. Walk ________ the road until you reach the traffic lights, you can see the shopping mall. 4. Can you swim ________ the river? 5. He is busy working ______ morning to night. up around along across from
6. The plane flies _______ the building with a great noise. 7. You can have a clear look at the moon if you look _______ the telescope. 8. Be careful when you walk _________ the ladder. 9. We seldom talk ______ foreigners. 10. It ’ s dangerous for a single man to walk ________ a forest. over through up/down to through
完成句子 : 1.He is standing ___________________________ ( 花园的另一边 ). 2.The dog is running _____________________ ( 沿 着小河 ). 3.Look! The teacher is _______________ the classroom( 正朝教室走来 ). 4.The earth goes__________________( 绕着太阳 转 ). 5.There is a bridge _________________ ( 在河上 ). at the other side of the garden along the river walking to round the sun over the river
Homework: 1. 熟记今天所学词句。 2. 自编一个问路、指路的对话。