１．立即，马上 2. 跑出来 3. 太 ….. 不能 ….. 4. 寻找藏身之处 5. 跳出池塘 6. 水管 7. 评价不高 8. 像往常一样 9. 似乎 …. 10. 结束，终结 11. 八公里长 12. 穿过，贯穿 13. 泥沙河 14. 破败不堪 15. 成为孤儿 right away run out of/come out of too…….to look for places to hide jump out of pound water pipes think little of as usual as if at an end eight kilometers long cut across river of dirt (lie/be) in ruins be left without parents
16….. 的数量 17. 许多，若干 18. 吹走 19. 钢条 20. 代替，取而代之 21. 难得到 22. 掘出，发掘 23. 煤矿 the number of a (large/great) number of blow away Pieces of steel Instead of hard to get dig out coal mine
Attribute ( 定语 ) 1. He is an honest boy. 2. We love our country. 3. What’s your telephone number? 4. She is a beautiful girl. 修饰；限定 honest our telephone 找出下列句中的定语。 beautiful
The positions of the attribute: （定语的位置） 1. This is a flower basket. 2. This is a basket full of flowers. 3. This is a basket that I want to put flowers in. 单个的词作定语时要放于被修饰词 的前面，短语或从句作定语时要放 于被修饰词的后面。
He who laughs last laughs best. All is well that ends well. Friendship is like health, the value of which is seldom known until it is lost. 真正的友谊犹如健康的身体，失去时 方知其可贵。 谁笑到最后谁笑得最好。 结局好，一切都好。 Can you translate these proverbs into Chinese? who that which
apple the red the green the small the big The apple which is red is mine. The apple which is green is yours. The apple which is red is small. The apple which is green is big.
the handsome the tall the strong the clever the naughty boy The boy is Tom. The boy who is handsome is Tom. The boy who is tall is Tom. The boy who is strong is Tom The boy who is clever is Tom The boy who is naughty is Tom.
一般多用 that 的情况 I am sure she has something (that) you can borrow. I’ve read all the books that are not mine. 1. 先行词为 all, everything, nothing, something, anything, little, much 等不 定代词时。 2. 先行词被 all, every, no, some, any, little, much 等修饰时。
This is the first book (that) he has read. This is the very book that belongs to him. 3. 先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时。 4. 先行词被 the only, the very, the same, the last 修饰时。 5. who 或 which 的问句中。 Who is the girl that drove the car?
that Which is the book that you bought last week? There are 200 people that didn ’ t know the thing. 7. 当先行词在定语从句中作 be 表语时 She isn ’ t the girl that she was 10 years ago. 6. 主句以 There be 引导时
以下情况用 which, 不用 that 1. 关系代词前有介词 This is the house in which he was born. 2. 在非限制性定语从句中 Alice received an invitation from her boss, which came as a surprise.
关系代词用法 关系代词 指代在从句中的作用 that which who whom whose (=of which/ whom) 人/物人/物 主/宾主/宾 主/宾主/宾 主/宾主/宾 宾 定 人 人 人／物 物 Summary
1.All _____ we need is to be supplied with food and clothing. A. what B. that C. which D. whom 2. The man_______talked to you just now is an engineer. A. who B. whose C. which D. what 单选
3. Can you tell me the name of the factory_____ you visited last week? A. what B. in where C. / D. when 4. I don’t like the way____ you speak to her. A. that B. in that C. who D. whose
5. She spent the whole evening talking about the things and persons____ none of us has ever heard of. A. which B. who C. whom D. that 6. Who is the person________ is talking about the accident ______ happened on Highway 104? A. which; which B. who; what C. that; that D. what; what
7. The most important thing____ we should pay attention to is the first thing ______ I have said. A. which; that B. that; which C. which; which D. that; that
把下列句子分成两层意思。 The one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, went to bed as usual that night. 1 The one million people of the city went to bed as usual that night. 2 The one million people of the city thought little of these events.
A huge crack that was eight kilometres long and thirty metres wide cut across houses, roads and canals. 1 A huge crack cut across houses, roads and canals. 2 A huge crack was eight kilometres long and thirty metres wide.
The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400, 000. 1 The number of people reached more than 400, 000. 2 Those people were killed or injured.
The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. 1 The army organized teams to dig out people and to bury the dead. 2 Those people were trapped.
1 The woman is a teacher. 2 The woman lives next door. The woman who lives next door is a teacher. 1 The nurse is kind. 2 The nurse looks after my sister. The nurse who/that looks after my sister is kind. 合并下列句子。
1 Kevin is reading a book. 2 The book is too difficult for him. Kevin is reading a book which/that is too difficult for him. 1 I have a friend. 2 He likes listening to classical music. I have a friend who/that likes listening to classical music.
1 Many people were afraid to swim in the sea. 2 They saw the film Jaws. Many people who/that saw the film were afraid to swim in the sea. 1 It is about a big white shark. 2 It attacks swimmers. It is about a big white shark which/that attacks swimmers.
1 I know the doctor. 2 His daughter studies abroad. I know the doctor whose daughter studies abroad. 1 Have you seen my book? 2 The book’s cover is red. Have you seen my book whose cover is red?
Beijing is the city ___________has got the chance to host the 2008 Olympic Games. which / that 用合适的关系代词填空。
Ye Xin is a nurse __________ died in the fight against SARS. who / that
Halloween is a day ______ is also called the eve of All Saints'Day. which
Titanic is the ship ___________ sank after hitting an iceberg. which / that
Rose and Jack are the lovers _____ met on the ship. who
1. Did you recognize the man with ______ I shook hands? 2. Do you still remember the boy about ______ sister people talk a lot? 3. They blew up the building on _______top there was a flag. 4. A biologist is a man from _____ you can learn a lot of knowledge of biology. whom whose whom
5. He is the man ________ you can turn for help. 6. This is the tree ____________ we used to play games. 7. The farm ________ we worked ten years ago isn’t what it used to be. 8. I’m grateful to my classmate with ______ help I’ve made much progress. to whom under which on which whose
改错 1. Under the big tree are 34 students, many of them come from Class Two. 2. My mother has a good book, which cover looks terrible. 3. This is the very pen that you gave it to me it before. 4. There is an old woman, that is holding a stick. whom whose who
英译中 1 Due to the break-up of traffic and communication, there hasn’t been any news about the 100,000 people in Wenchuan which is in the center of the earthquake up till now. 由于交通和通信的中断，震中汶川县 内的 10 万人口尚无任何信息传出来。
2 The survivors who are waiting to be rescued will face the shortage of clean water, shelter, food, and medicine. 等待救援的幸存者将面临缺乏净水、 住处、食物、和药物的困境。